درمان مبتنی بر توانبخشی در کودکان دارای اختلالات پردازش شنوایی مرکزی

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 1. کمیته پژوهشی دانشجویی. دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد شنوایی شناسی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 2. مربی گروه شنوایی شناسی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

10.22037/jrm.2015.1100015

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
اختلال پردازش شنوایی مرکزی (CAPD) نقص در مکان­یابی، طرفی سازی، افتراق شنیداری، مهارت­های شناخت الگو، پردازش زمانی و همچنین کاهش عملکرد در مواجه شدن با سیگنال رقابتی است. شیوع CAPD در کودکان 2 تا 3 درصد و در جمعیت بزرگسال تقریباً 70 درصد است. مداخلات برای اختلال پردازش شنوایی مرکزی (CAPD) بر ساخت­پذیری دستگاه عصبی استوار است، تحریک دستگاه شنیداری می­تواند موجب بهبود توانایی­های پردازش شنوایی شود. اهمیت مطالعه­ی ما این است که اگر CAPD بدون درمان باقی بماند ممکن است سبب درک ضعیف گفتار، کاهش در عملکرد رفتاری، ضعف تحصیلی و تأثیر منفی در زمینه روانشناسی و ارتباطات اجتماعی شود پس یافتن بهترین روش درمانی مهم است.
نتیجه گیری
در مداخله باید از روش درمانی جامع بالا به پایین و پایین به بالا استفاده شود. درمان باید براساس سن، ویژگی­های زبان و نقص خاص فرد دارای CAPD باشد. بهتر است مداخله چند رشته­ای باشد یعنی علاوه بر درمان­های شنوایی درمان­های گفتار و زبان و روانشناسی نیز انجام شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Treatment and rehabilitation of children with central auditory processing disorders

نویسندگان [English]

  • seyyedeh Zeynab Nureddini 1
  • Ahmadreza Nazeri 2
1 1. Student Research Committee. MS.c Student of Audiology, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. Tehran, Iran.
2 2. Instructor of Audiology, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) was defined as involving deficits in localization, lateralization, auditory discrimination, pattern recognition skills, temporal processing, and performance decrements with competing or degraded auditory signals.CAPD prevalence in children 2 to 3 percent and the adult population is approximately 70 percent.Interventions for central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) is based on the neuroplasticity,Stimulate the audio system can be improved auditory processing ability. The importance of our study is that if CAPD left untreated may result in poor understanding speech, loss of function of behavior, poor school performance and impact in the field of psychology, and social communications therefore obtain the best method of treatment is important.
Conclusion: In the intervention should use of top-down and bottom-up methods of treatment. Treatment should be based on age, language features and Specific defects person with CAPD.It is better a multi-disciplinary intervention In addition to the remedies hearing, speech and language therapy, and psychological well done.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Intervention
  • Central Auditory Processing Disorder
  • plasticity
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