بررسی ارتباط پردازش حسی و مشکلات رفتار در کودکان مبتلا به اوتیسم با عملکرد بالا (7 تا 10 ساله)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1. کمیته پژوهش دانشجویی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران.

2 دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی. گروه آموزشی کاردرمانی.

3 3. دکتری علوم اعصاب شناختی عضو هیئت علمی و مربی گروه کاردرمانی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران، تهران، ایران

4 4. دکترای تخصصی روانشناسی کودکان استثنایی . استادیار دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران.

5 5. کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، اهواز، ایران.

10.22037/jrm.2015.1100022

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
مطالعه حاضر به بررسی ارتباط بین مشکلات رفتاری و وضعیت حسی در کودکان مبتلا به اختلال اوتیسم به عملکرد بالا پرداخته است.
مواد و روش ها
در این پژوهش توصیفی- تحلیلی،28 کودک مبتلا به اختلال اوتیسم با عملکرد بالا  و 29 کودک طبیعی همسان شده شرکت کردند . پس از تکمیل پرسشنامه دموگرافیک و اخذ رضایت، از والدین کودکان در هر دو گروه خواسته شد که پرسشنامه وضعیت حسی ( Sensory Profile(SP)) و سیاهه رفتاری کودکان آخنباخ (Children behavior Check list (CBCL)) را تکمیل کنند.
یافته ها
به منظور  توصیف اطلاعات بدست آمده،  از شاخص های گرایش مرکزی، پراکندگی و توزیع نمره ها استفاده شد. برای تحلیل داده‏ها از روش آماری تحلیل واریانس چند متغیری(MANOVA ( با استفاده از نر م افزار آماری SPSS 16  استفاده شد. بین میانگین نمره های کودکان عادی و کودکان دارای اوتیسم در 7 مولفه حس طلبی، تهییج پذیری، تحمل عضلانی پایین، حساسیت حس دهانی، بی توجهی و حواسپرتی، ضعف ثبت حسی و حرکات ظریف/ درک تفاوت معنادار وجود دارد.
نتیجه گیری
با توجه به ضرایب به دست آمده می توان نتیجه گرفت که فاکتور حس طلبی و بی تحرکی بیشترین ارتباط را با مشکلات رفتاری در کودکان اوتیسم داشته اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between sensory processing and behavior problems in children with high-functioning autism

نویسندگان [English]

  • Faezeh dehghan 1
  • Navid Mirzakhani 2
  • Mahdi alizade zarei 3
  • Mehran Soleimani 4
  • Mehrnoosh sartipizade 5
1 1. Student Research Committee. MSc of Occupational therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences,Tehran,Iran
2 2. MSc of Occupational therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences,Tehran,Iran
3 3. PhD in Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Occupational Therapy Faculty of Medical Sciences , Tehran, Iran
4 4. PhD in Psychology Of Exceptional Children. Assistant Professor Of Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University. Tabriz. Iran
5 5. MS in Clinical Psychology, Ahvaz , Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Investigating the relationship between sensory processing and behavior in 7 to 10 years old children with attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytic study 28 children with high functioning autism and 29 normal matched children in the age range of 7- 10 years old were participated.  After completing a demographic questionnaire and signing a consent informed Letter by their parents, the children's parents were asked to complete Sensory Profile Questionnaire (SP) and Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). In order to describe the data obtained from the study, Indicators of central tendency, dispersion and distribution of the scores was used. For data analysis, analysis of variance (MANOVA (using SPSS 16 statistical software was used. 
Results: Results showed that the difference between the means of two groups in sensory seeking, low endurance /muscle ton, inattention / distractibility, poor sensory registration, fine movement/ perception .oral sensivity and emotional reactivity were significant.
Conclusion: according to the values obtained, sensory seeking and sedentary are the most relevant factors to behavioral problems in children with autism.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sensory Processing
  • high functioning disorder
  • Behavioral problems
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