اثر آنی کشش پویای عضلات چهارسرران، همسترینگ و دوقلو برحس عمقی مفصل زانو

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1- کارشناس ارشد، گروه بهداشت و طب ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 2- استاد، گروه بهداشت و طب ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 3- استادیار، گروه بهداشت و طب ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

4 4- کارشناس ارشد،گروه بهداشت و طب ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

10.22037/jrm.2015.1100030

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
اختلال در حس عمقی مفاصل، مفاصل درگیر را مستعد آسیب می‌کند. بیان شده است که تمرینات کششی می‌تواند موجب تغییر در ویژگی‌های گیرنده‌های مفصلی و در نتیجه موجب تغییر در حساسیت سیستم حس عمقی مفاصل شود. هدف از این تحقیق، تعیین اثر کشش پویای عضلات منتخب اطراف زانو بر حس وضعیت مفصل زانو در فوتبالیست های دانشگاهی می باشد.
مواد و روش ها
30 فوتبالیست در سطح دانشگاهی (میانگین سنی45/1±20/23 سال) در این تحقیق شرکت کردند. قبل از اعمال کشش، 5 دقیقه گرم کردن روی دوچرخه ثابت انجام شد. سپس حس وضعیت مفصل زانوی پای غالب آنها به عنوان رکورد پیش آزمون ثبت ‌شد. رکورد پس آزمون نیز بلافاصله بعد از اعمال کشش پویای عضلات منتخب، ثبت شد.
 یافته ها
 تفاوت معناداری (043/0P=) بین قبل و بعد از اعمال کشش در حس وضعیت مفصل زانو مشاهده شد و خطای مطلق زاویه ای به طور معنا داری بعد از اعمال کشش پویا کاهش یافت(از 52/1±11/3 به 48/1±38/2)
نتیجه گیری
 اعمال کشش پویا موجب بهبود دقت حس وضعیت مفصل زانوی فوتبالیست های دانشگاهی در زاویه 45 درجه فلکش شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The immediate effect of dynamic stretching of Quadriceps, Hamstrings and Gastrocnemius muscles on the knee joint Proprioception

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Asghar Moradi 1
  • Reza Rajabi 2
  • Hooman Minoonejad 3
  • Ramin Beyranvand 4
1 1. MSc Student, Department of Health & Sport Medicine, fauclty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 2. Professor, Department of Health & Sport Medicine, fauclty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 3. Assistant Professor, Department of Health & Sport Medicine Exercises, faculty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4 4. MSc Student, Department of Health & Sport Medicine, fauclty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Impairments of joint proprioception make the joints prone to injury. It has been suggested that stretching exercises can cause changes in properties of the joint receptors, thereby alter the sensibility of the joints proprioceptors. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of dynamic stretching of muscles surrounding the knee on the knee joint position sense in college football players.
Materials and Methods: 30 college football players (mean age, 23.20± 1.45years) participated in this study. A 5 min warm up was performed before stretching followed by measuring knee joint position sense in dominant knee as pre-test record. Post test record was performed immediately after dynamic stretching of elected muscles.
Results: There was significant difference (p=0.04) in pre- and post-stretch on knee joint position sense. The absolute angular error decreased significantly after the stretching protocol (2.38±1.48 vs. 3.11±1.52).
Conclusion: A dynamic stretch regimen improved the accuracy of the knee joint position sense in 45˚of flexion in college football players.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dynamic stretching
  • Joint position sense
  • Knee joint
  • quadriceps
  • Hamstrings and Gastrocnemius muscles
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