نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1. کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی عمومی دانشگاه آزاد مرودشت، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Nowadays, the issue of elderly people has been considered by governments from different aspects including medical, psychological, sanitarian and nursing, with regarding the increase of elderly people; thus, caring and keeping them are important. The present study was done to evaluate mediating role of spiritual intelligence with psychological well-being and elderly people satisfaction of Mehriz County (Yazd).
Materials and Methods: The method used in this research is descriptive correlation, and statistical population was included all elderly people of Mehriz County in which 322 people were chosen through purposive sampling. The King’s spiritual intelligence, Diner et al life satisfaction, and Rif et al psychological well-being questionnaires were used for data measurement. Statistical tests such as mean (average), standard deviation, Pearson correlation coefficient, multiple regressions analysis and path analysis were performed for data analysis and determination of relationship between variables.
Results: Findings showed that there is a significant relationship between psychological well-being, spiritual intelligence and life satisfaction in 0/5 level, and psychological well-being can specify variance 39% on life satisfaction and also spiritual intelligence can specify variance 45% on psychological well-being.
Conclusion: The results showed that the more the spiritual intelligence in elderly people is, the more the psychological well-being and life satisfaction will be; and also the personal build-meaning component in spiritual intelligence has the most impact on psychological well-being. In addition, spiritual intelligence can be as mediator between psychological well-being and life satisfaction.