مقایسه میزان افسردگی، اضطراب و استرس زنان سالمند فعال و غیر فعال شهر اصفهان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

کارشناس ارشد تربیت بدنی، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه پیام نور

10.22037/jrm.2014.1100079

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
سالمندی مرحله ای از زندگی انسان است که به طور طبیعی با کاهش توانایی های جسمانی و روانی همراه است. ورزش یکی از موثرترین روش های پیشگیری از اختلالات دوران سالمندی است. ورزش و حرکت موجب عقب انداختن دوران سالمندی می شود و سالمندانی که ورزش می کنند از سلامتی و نشاط بیشتری برخوردار   می باشند. با توجه به اهمیت کیفت زندگی در دوران سالمندی، هدف پژوهش حاضر مقایسه میزان استرس و اضطراب و افسردگی زنان سالمند فعال و غیر فعال بود.
مواد و روش ها
روش تحقیق پژوهش حاضر از نوع توصیفی- مقایسه ای است. جامعه آماری این پژوهش زنان سالمندی بودند که برای ورزش و فعالیت بدنی در پارک های اصفهان حضور پیدا می کردند و نیز زنان سالمندی که بدون انجام هیچ فعالیتی در پارک حضور داشتند. 170 نفر زن سالمند با دامنه سنی 60 تا 78 توسط نمونه گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. در این تحقیق از پرسشنامه اطلاعات دموگرافیک و مصاحبه جهت جمع آوری اطلاعات فردی، سوابق ورزشی و پزشکی و همچنین مقیاس افسردگی، اضطراب و استرس(DASS، لاویبوند و لاویبوند، 1995) استفاده گردید. از آزمون خی دو و تی مستقل جهت تجزیه تحلیل آماری داده ها و مقایسه میزان استرس، اضطراب و افسردگی سالمندان زن فعال و غیرفعال استفاده شد.
یافته ها
نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که میزان استرس، اضطراب و افسردگی سالمندان زن فعال و غیرفعال به طور معناداری با هم تفاوت دارد و سالمندان فعال در مقایسه سالمندان غیرفعال استرس، اضطراب و افسردگی کمتری دارند.
نتیجه گیری
بر اساس نتایج تحقیق حاضر ورزش و فعالیت بدنی می تواند به کاهش افسردگی و اضطراب و افسردگی در زنان سالمند کمک کند و به عنوان شیوه ای موثر و  مکمل در کنار درمان های رایج دیگر در کاهش افسردگی، استرس و اضطراب به کار گرفته شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Comparison of Depression, Anxiety and Stress between Active and Inactive Old Women in Isfahan

نویسنده [English]

  • Marziyeh Arman
Department of Physical Education, Payame Noor University
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Aging is a stage of human life which is naturally companied by reducing physical and psychological abilities. Exercise is one of the most effective ways to prevent aging disorders. Exercise and movement postpone aging processes. The elderly who exercise have better health and vitality. Considering the importance of life quality in these ages, this study compared depression, anxiety and stress between active and inactive old women.
Materials and Methods: The research method was Descriptive Comparative. Statistical population was the old women who attend in Isfahan parks to exercise, as well as old women who attend to spend leisure time without any activity. Convenience sampling was used to select 170 oldwomen as statistical sample. Personal information and activity and medical experiences interviews, demographic questionnaire and depression, anxiety and stress scale (DASS, Lovibond&Lovibond,1995) were used. The independent t-test was applied to compare depression, anxiety and stress between active and inactive old women.
Results: The results showed that depression, anxiety and stress are significantly different between active and inactive old women, and active old women compared to inactive ones have less depression, anxiety and stress.
Conclusion: According to these results, exercise and physical activity can help old women reducing depression, anxiety and stress, and be applied as an effective complementary method along with other common curative interventions to reduce depression, anxiety and stress.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • depression
  • Anxiety
  • Stress
  • Elderly
  • active
  • Inactive
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