ماساژ درمانی در طب سنتی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 1. دستیار طب سنتی ایران، مرکز تحقیقات طب سنتی و تاریخ طب، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز

2 2. دستیار طب سنتی ایران، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران

3 3. دستیار طب سنتی ایران، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی

10.22037/jrm.2012.1100085

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
آموزش ماساژ و نحوه تأثیرپذیری بدن از حرکت به صورت جدی در طب سنتی ایران مطرح بوده است و پزشکان ایرانی حرکت و ماساژ را یکی از اصول حفظ تندرستی ذکر کرده اند.
در این مطالعه سعی شده که با بررسی منابع مکتوب در بخش کلیات، جایگاه، هدف و کاربرد ماساژ درمانی در پزشکی ایرانی بررسی شود و تفاوت اصلی این ماساژ با دیگر سبک‌های ماساژ مشخص شود.
در ماساژ ایرانی هدف تنظیم حرارت پایه بدن و کمک به دفع مواد زائد از بدن است. این ماساژ بر اساس شدت، سرعت، مدت و نحوه اجرا به پنج دسته صلب، نرم، معتدل، کثیر و خشن تقسیم می شود.
پزشکان ایرانی بر اساس نیاز و شکایت مشتری، ماساژ را به صورت عام یا متمرکز بر عضوی خاص و با توجه به گروه‌های خاص یعنی کودکان، زنان باردار، افراد مسن و ورزشکاران توصیه می کنند. در مواردی نیز اثرات این توصیه ها در کارآزمایی های بالینی مطالعه شده است.
به نظر می رسد که عمده تفاوت ماساژ ایرانی با دیگر سبک های ماساژ نه در نحوه اجرا بلکه در توجه ویژه به شرایط خاص هر فرد و سبب اختلال پیش آمده است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Massage Therapy in Iranian Traditional Medicine

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir-Mohammad Jaladat 1
  • Majid Nimrouzi 1
  • Mehrdad Karimi 2
  • Mamak Hashemi 2
  • Mehdi Falah 3
  • Fatemeh Attarzadeh 1
1 1. PhD student in Traditional Medicine, Research Center for traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 2. PhD student in Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3 3. PhD student in Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Massage training and how the body is influenced by massage are common issues which are seriously under study and discussion in Iranian traditional medicine. Iranian physicians considered motion and massage as major principles of health maintenance.
In this study, we examined the available literature of traditional medicine to evaluate location, purpose and use of massage therapy in Iranian medicine in comparison with other popular conventional styles.
The aim of Iranian massage is to regulate the core body temperature and aid to eliminate the waste products from the body. This type of massage is divided into five categories including solid, soft, moderate, great and aggressive, based on the intensity, speed, duration and techniques of massage.
Iranian physicians proposed general body massage or massage of a particular area based on subjective complaints. They recommended specific massages in particular groups including children, pregnant women, the elderly and athletes. In some cases, the effects of these recommendations have been studied in clinical trials.
Conclusion: It seems that the major difference between Iranian massage and other styles of massage is special attention of Iranian massage to the individual circumstances, and the cause of the problem rather than technique of the massage.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Massage
  • Iranian traditional medicine
  • Dalk and Ghamz
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