بررسی مقایسه ی افسردگی، اضطراب و استرس سالمندان ورزشکار با سالمندان غیر ورزشکار در سال 1392

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1 . استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 2. دانشجوی کارشناسی‌ارشد روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشکده‌ی پزشکی، ‌دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران

3 3. گروه روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمانشاه ، کرمانشاه، ایران

4 4. کارشناسی ادبیات انگلیسی، دانشگاه ایلام، ایلام ، ایران

10.22037/jrm.2014.1100088

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
با توجه به روند رو به رشد جمعیت سالمندان در جوامع مختلف دنیا، اهمیت ارتقاء سلامت جسم و روان یکی از ارکان مهم هر دولتی به شمار می­آید که با برنامه­ریزی دقیق راه­های سلامتی را در این گروه سنی شناسایی کرده و با تقویت برنامه­های برتر، سعی در حفظ سلامتی و بهداشت افراد جامعه نماید. از آن­جایی که ورزش نکردن عاملی برای کاهش عملکرد و آسیب به سلامت جسم می­باشد، برآن شدیم تا در این پژوهش به مقایسه­ی افسردگی، اضطراب و استرس در دو گروه سالمندان ورزشکار و غیر ورزشکار بپردازیم.
مواد و روش ها
این مطالعه­ی علی- مقایسه­ای بر روی 142 نفر از  سالمندان شهر کرمانشاه که به شیوة نمونه­گیری در دسترس انتخاب شده بودند، انجام شد. ابزار مورد استفاده پرسشنامه اطلاعات عمومی (دموگرافیک) و نیز افسردگی، اضطراب و استرس (DASS- 21) بود. به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها از نرم افزار SPSS 21 و روش آماری توصیفی (میانگین، انحراف استاندار، درصد) و استنباطی T- test و خی­دو استفاده شد.
یافته ها
تحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از آزمون T برای گروه­های مستقل نشان داد که میزان استرس، افسردگی و اضطراب در سالمندان ورزشکار در مقایسه با گروه غیر ورزشکار به مقدار قابل ملاحظه­ای کمتر است (05/0> p).
نتیجه گیری
نتایج این مطالعه نشان می­دهد که سالمندان ورزشکار نسبت به همسالان خود از میزان افسردگی، اضطراب و استرس بسیار کمتری برخوردارند، و ورزش کردن به عنوان عاملی برای عملکرد جسمی بهتر، افزایش طول عمر و نیز ارتقاء سلامت روان شناخته می­شود. پس با ایجاد فضای تفریحی و ورزشی مساعد می­توان سلامت روان سالمندان را تا حد بسیار بالایی افزایش داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparative study of depression, anxiety and stress among athletic elderly versus nonathletic elderly in 1392

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nosratolah Montazeri 1
  • Mohammad Hossein Sorbi 2
  • Sayed Mojtaba Ahmadi 3
  • Shirin yazdanpoor 4
1 1. Assistant professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychiatry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences,Kermanshah,Iran
2 2. M.A student of clinical psychology, Department of Psychology, Kermanshah University of Medical Science, Kermanshah, Iran.
3 3. Instructor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of psychology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
4 4. B. A of English literature. Ilam University, Ilam, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: As a respect of increasing the number of elderly in societies, the importance and upraising of body and psyche's health among elderly is one of the important pillars in each government. The government should try its best in order to preserve its inhabitant's wellbeing and hygiene by accurate planning for recognizing the wellbeing factors and reinforcing the superior plans in this age group. Being nonathletic is a factor for decreasing the operation and injuring the body's health, so in this research we have decided to comparison of exercising on elderly depression, anxiety and stress among athletic and nonathletic groups.
Materials and Methods: This casual- comparative study had been done on 142 elderly in Kermanshah city that the accessible sampling method was selected. The used tools were general information questionnaire (Demography) and also depression, anxiety and stress (DASS- 21). SPSS21 software, descriptive statistic method (mean, standard deviation, and percent), deductive (T- test and Chi- square) were used for analyzing the data.  
Results: Analyzing data by using T-test for independent groups shows that the amount of stress, depression and anxiety among athletic elderly is noticeably less than nonathletic group (p<0/05).
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that elderly athletes had depression, anxiety and stress much smaller than their non-athletic peers. Exercising is being recognized as a factor for better somatic operation, increasing longevity and also preferment of mental health. So the mental health of elderly can be increased a lot by making favorable sportive and social places
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • depression
  • Anxiety
  • Stress
  • Athletic
  • Elderly
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