نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 1. دکترای تخصصی گفتار درمانی، استادیاردانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران
2 2. دکترای تخصصی زبان شناسی، دانشیار دانشگاه تهران، ایران
3 3. دانشیار آمار زیستی دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Stuttering is one of the most current speech disorders, which is marked by sudden occurring, alternate and abnormal interruptions in the natural flow of speech. It also has consequences such as behavioral, cognitive and attitude changes in the patient. The main aim of this study was to compare and analyze the speed of naming in 7-8 year old children with and without stuttering.
Materials and Methods: This cross sectional research study was conducted on 36 children with and without stuttering. The sampling of case group (n=18) was based on parameters such as Tehran’s speech therapy databases. Also, sampling of control group were (n=18) was done in terms of age, sex, and being monolingual in Persian .In order to do this research, 4 sub-scales were used: pictures, colors, numbers and alphabetic letters and the results were recorded according to the responses of the participants in terms of speech reaction time (SRT) in naming speed task.
Results: The outcome showed that there is a significant difference at the all sub-scales (p<0.001) between the case and control groups. We also found out that the speech reaction times between the two groups were different in numbers in telling the numbers, alphabetic letters, colors and pictures respectively.
Conclusion: According to research findings, the SRT cases were slower in the all the 4 sub-scales, and were slowest in doing the pictures task.