بررسی فراوانی اختلال دید رنگ اکتسابی کارکنان بخش های مختلف کارخانه ی مواد شوینده

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد اپتومتری، گروه اپتومتری، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران

2 دانشیار گروه اپتومتری، ، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران

3 دکترای تخصصی، استادیار گروه اپتومتری، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قزوین

4 دانشجوی PhD اپیدمیولوژی، مرکز تحقیقات بیمارستان چشم پزشکی نور

10.22037/jrm.2013.1100103

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
دید رنگ یکی از عملکردهای مهم سیستم بینایی است. بنابر این این مطالعه به منظور بررسی تاثیر مواجهه ی مزمن شغلی با مواد شوینده روی دید رنگ در گروه های مختلف انجام می پذیرد.
مواد و روش ها
این مطالعه ی توصیفی در یک کارخانه ی مواد شوینده بر روی همه ی 300 نفر انجام شد. بعد از لحاظ کردن معیار های خروج 279 نفر واجد شرایط در این مطالعه شرکت داده شدند. معاینات کلی بینایی و تست دید رنگ بر روی همه ی کارکنان انجام پذیرفت.در این مطالعه اختلال دید رنگ با تست ایشی هارا و فرانسفورت D15  به انجام رسید.
یافته ها
اختلال دید رنگ 9/12 درصد به دست آمد که در این میان افرادی که در قسمت پودر مشغول به کار بودند، اختلال دید رنگ بیشتری را گزارش کردند.
نتیجه گیری
مواجهه ی  شغلی مزمن با مقادیر زیاد از حد مواد شوینده می تواند منجر به اختلال دید رنگ اکتسابی شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of prevalence of acquired color vision impairment in detergent factory workers

نویسندگان [English]

  • Negar Pilvar 1
  • Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur 2
  • Ali Mirzajani 2
  • Mohammad Khalaj 3
  • Mehdi Khabazkhoob 4
1 MS in optometry, Optometry Department, Tehran University of Medical Science (TUMS), Tehran, Iran
2 Associate professor, Optometry Department, Tehran University of Medical Science (TUMS), Tehran, Iran. (corresponding author) ejafarzadehpur@tums.ac.ir
3 Assistant professor, Ghazvin University of Medical Science, Ghazvin Iran.
4 PhD candidate, Noor ophthalmology Research Center, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Color vision is an important function of the visual system. Therefore, this study was aimed to evaluate the effect of chronic occupational exposure to detergents on color vision ability in different group.
 
Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in a detergent producer factory on all (300) workers who were in detergents production hall. After considering exclusion criteria, 279 persons were qualified to participate in the study. General visual exam and color vision test was performed for participants. Their color vision was evaluated by Ishihara and Farnsworth D-15.
 
Results: 12.9% of participants showed color vision disorder , the prevalence of which was mostly related to powder groups.
 
Conclusion: Chronic occupational exposure to excess amount of detergents can cause acquired color vision disorder.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Color vision
  • Occupational exposure
  • Detergents workers
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