کاربردتصویربرداری اولتراسونیک درارزیابی عملکردعضلات کف لگن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه فیزیوتراپی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی

2 استادگروه زنان و زایمان، بیمارستان امام خمینی ، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران

3 استاد گروه رادیولوژی، بیمارستان امام خمینی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران

10.22037/jrm.2013.1100110

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
در دو دهه اخیر مطالعات زیادی با استفاده از تصویربرداری اولتراسونوگرافیک و بررسی شاخص هایی مانند میزان تحرک مثانه یا مجرای ادرار به شناسایی ساختارومورفولوژی کف لگن، تشخیص اختلالاتی مانند پرولاپس وبی اختیاری ادراری ونیز تعیین شدت آنها پرداخته اند. با توجه به جایگاه تصویربرداری اولتراسونوگرافی درتوانبخشی واهمیت ارزیابی عملکرد و ساختارعضلات کف لگن برای فیزیوتراپیست ها ، مقاله  حاضر مبانی کاربردی دوروش متداول اولتراسونوگرافی ترانس ابدومینال و ترانس لبیال رادرارزیابی عملکردعضلات کف لگن ارائه خواهد نمود.
نتیجه گیری
اولتراسونوگرافی به دوروش ترانس ابدومینال و ترانس لبیال با هدف ارزیابی عملکرد عضلات کف لگن معرفی شده است. هرچندحساسیت روش ترانس لبیال در مقایسه با روش ترانس ابدومینال بیشتر و احتما ل خطای اندازه گیری آن کمتر است، عدم نیاز به در آوردن لباس ،انجام سریع تصویربرداری و مشاهده حرکت مثانه توسط بیماراز مزایای روش ترانس ابدومینال محسوب می شوند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Application of Ultrasonic Imaging for Assessment of Pelvic Floor Muscle Function

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farideh Dehghan Manshadi 1
  • Zeinab Ghanbari 2
  • Masoumeh Giti 3
1 Assistant Professor of Physiotherapy, Dept. of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (corresponding author)
2 Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran-Iran.
3 Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran-Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: In the past two decades, numerous studies using ultrasonographic imaging and indicators such as the bladder or urethra mobility were conducted to assess the pelvic floor structure and morphology, also to diagnose disorders like urinary in continence as well as prolapsed and their severities. Regarding the Rehabilitative Ultrasound Imaging (RUSI) and the importance of studying pelvic floor muscle function for physiotherapists, this article aimed to review practical aspects of two common ultrasonographic imaging methods for assessment of pelvic floor muscles’ function.
 
Conclusion: Trans-abdominal and Trans-labial have been introduced as two common ultrasonographic methods to evaluate pelvic floor muscle function. However, Trans-labial method is more sensitive with less measurement error. No need to get dressed, quick imaging and viewing the patient's bladder are considered as advantages of Trans-abodominal approach.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • pelvic floor muscles
  • Ultrasonography
  • Assessment
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