سیر تحولی توجه پایدار در نمونه ای از کودکان ایرانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1. استادیار علوم اعصاب شناختی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 2. کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی عمومی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران

3 3. کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران

10.22037/jrm.2013.1100135

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
توجه پایدار لازمه انجام تکالیف مستمر زندگی روزانه است. هدف از مطالعه حاضر بررسی سیر تحولی توجه پایدار در نمونهای از کودکان ایرانی است.
مواد و روش ها
در یک بررسی مقطعی مقایسهای با استفاده از روش نمونهگیری در دسترس توجه پایدار220 کودک 7 الی 11 سال (79 دختر و 151 پسر) با میانگین سنی 09/9 و انحراف استاندارد46/1 با استفاده از آزمون عملکرد مداوم مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. از آزمون تحلیل واریانس یک راهه و آزمون تعقیبی توکی برای تحلیل استفاده گردید.
یافته ها
نتایج نشان داد که کودکان 7 تا 11 ساله در تعداد خطای حذف و زمان واکنش با هم تفاوت دارند و این تفاوت در سطح 0001/0 p <  معنی­دار است. اما در مورد خطای ارتکاب تفاوتی مشاهده نشد.
نتیجه گیری
با توجه به نتایج هرچه سن افزایش پیدا می­کرد خطای حذف و مدت زمان واکنش کاهش می­یافت. در واقع با افزایش سن توجه پایدار افزایش می­یابد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Development of Sustain attention development in sample of Iranian children

نویسندگان [English]

  • Vahid Nejati 1
  • Bahareh Barzegar 2
  • Pegah Pour Goldouz 3
1 1. Cognitive Neuroscience. Assistant Professor, Psychology Departments, Shahid Beheshti University.Tehran. Iran.
2 2. M.A in General Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University. Tehran. Iran.
3 3. M.A in Clinical Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University. Tehran. Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Attention plays an important role in an individual performance. The purpose of present study was to evaluate the development of sustain attention in a sample of Iranian children.
Materials and Methods: In the present cross sectional study, 220 7-10 years old elementary school students (aged 9.09±1.46 years) participated. Continuous Performance Test (CPT) performed for evaluation. One way ANOVA and post hoc tuckey tests were used for analysis.
Results: Findings showed that children age between 7 to 11 years were different in number of omission error and reaction time (p< 0.0001). There was no difference in commission error.
Conclusion: According to the results, we can conducted that as age increases omission error and reaction time decrease. Actually sustain attention increases with increasing age.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • sustain attention
  • evolution
  • children
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