تاثیر تمرینات نوروفیدبک بر تکالیف تعادلی دوگانه حرکتی و شناختی مردان سالمند

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1. کارشناسی ارشد رفتارحرکتی دانشکده تربیت بدنی دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 2. استادیار گروه رفتارحرکتی دانشکده تربیت بدنی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 3. دانشیار گروه رفتارحرکتی دانشکده تربیت بدنی دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

4 4. کارشناسی ارشد رفتارحرکتی دانشکده تربیت بدنی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

10.22037/jrm.2015.1100145

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
پژوهش حاضر با هدف تاثیر تمرینات نوروفیدبک بر تکالیف دوگانه حرکتی و شناختی مردان سالمند انجام شد.
مواد و روش ها
روش تحقیق حاضر از نوع نیمه تجربی بوده که با روش پژوهشی پیش­آزمون- پس­آزمون انجام شد. جامعه مورد مطالعه، سالمندان شهر تبریز با میانگین سنی 60 سال به بالا بودند که به صورت داوطلبانه انتخاب شدند. 30 سالمند پس از ورود به مطالعه به صورت تصادفی در یکی از دو گروه تجربی و کنترل قرار گرفتند. آزمون برخاستن و حرکت کردن زماندار تحت دو شرایط تکلیف دوگانه حرکتی- تعادل (اجرای آزمون همراه با حمل فنجان پر آب) و تکلیف دوگانه شناختی- تعادل (اجرای آزمون همراه با شمارش معکوس اعداد تصادفی)، قبل و بعد از یک دوره تمرینی نوروفیدبک (به مدت 15جلسه 30 دقیقه ای در مدت 5 هفته و هر هفته 3 جلسه) اندازه گیری شد. داده های تحقیق با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس تجزیه و تحلیل شد.
یافته ها
نتایج بدست آمده نشان داد که تمرینات نوروفیدبک به طور معناداری عملکرد تکلیف دوگانه حرکتی  سالمندان را افزایش داد ( 001/0 P=) ولی در عملکرد تکلیف دوگانه شناختی با اینکه روند بهبود صورت گرفته بود، اما تفاوت معنی داری در پس آزمون این تکلیف مشاهده نشد( 051/0 P=).
نتیجه گیری
نتایج بیان می­کند که پروتکل تعادلی نوروفیدبک موجب بهبود عملکرد تعادلی تحت شرایط تکالیف دوگانه، خصوصا تکلیف دوگانه حرکتی می باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of neurofeedback training on dual balance tasks of motor and cognitive in older men

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saeed Rezaye 1
  • Mahta Eskandarnejad 2
  • Hasan Mohammadzadeh 3
  • Mehri Abedini 4
1 1. MSc Motor Behavior. Department of Human Motor Behavior. Urmia University. Urmia. Iran
2 2. Associate professsor. Department of Human Motor Behavior. Tabriz University. Tabriz. Iran
3 3. Assistant professsor. Department of Human Motor Behavior. Urmia University. Urmia. Iran
4 4. MSc Motor Behavior. Department of Human Motor Behavior. Tabriz University.Tabriz. Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Increasing age increased the risk of acute and chronic diseases, but decreased functional capabilities of individuals and the power of the senses and perception.  The changes in the areas of ​​biological, psychological and social threatened quality of life for older persons, as far as keeping them from performing daily activities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of neurofeedback training on the quality of balance control under dual tasks conditions motor- balance and cognitive-balance in elderly men.
Materials and Methods: The research method is quasi-experimental that is conducted by Pre-test/ post-test method. subjects were 60 years and older in Tabriz, Iran and were selected on a voluntary basis. Thirty elderly volunteers were randomly divided into two groups: experimental and control groups. The TUG was measured under conditions of dual-task motor-balance (Run the test with a full cup of water transport) and Dual Task balance-cognitive (Countdown test with random numbers); before and after the neurofeedback training (Up to 15 sessions in 30-minute 3 times a week for 5 weeks).
Results: The results showed that neurofeedback training was significantly increased performance in elderly motor dual-task (p =0.001). But in dual-task cognitive performance, although the improvement had taken place, not statistical significant differences were observed (p =0.051).
Conclusion: The results suggest that the balance neurofeedback protocol improves balance performance under dual-task conditions, especially dual-motor task.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Neurofeedback
  • Balance
  • dual duty motor
  • cognitive dual task
  • Elderly
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