رابطه انواع اختلالات شخصیت با شدت آسیب ناشی از اعتیاد در مردان ایرانی مصرف کننده مواد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1. کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی، تهران، بیمارستان امام حسین، مرکز تحقیقات علوم رفتاری دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران

2 2. دکتری روانشناسی، هیئت علمی گروه روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، تبریز، دانشگاه تبریز. تبریز، ایران

3 3. دکتری روانشناسی، تهران، بیمارستان امام حسین، مرکز تحقیقات علوم رفتاری دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران

4 4. کارشناس حقوق، تهران، دانشکده توانبخشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران

5 5. کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران

10.22037/jrm.2015.1100156

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
نظر به اهمیت پدیده اعتیاد در جوامع امروزی، هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر بررسی ارتباط انواع اختلالات شخصیت با شدت اعتیاد است.
مواد و روش ها
پژوهش حاضر از نوع مطالعات همبستگی می­باشد. گروه نمونه شامل 248 مرد وابسته به مواد بود که از تاریخ 1/2/92 تا 18/12/92 در کلینیک­های درمان اعتیاد شهر تهران تحت درمان قرارگرفته بودند. از این 248 نفر 135 نفر مصرف­کننده مواد افیونی و 113 نفر مصرف­کننده مواد محرک بودند که به روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. برای جمع­آوری داده­ها از مصاحبه بالینی بر مبنای DSM-5، شاخص سنجش شدت اعتیاد و پرسشنامه بالینی چندمحوری Millon -3 استفاده شد. سپس  داده­های به‌دست‌آمده از طریق ضریب همبستگی پیرسون تحلیل شدند.
یافته ها
بین اختلالات شخصیت خوشه یک و شدت آسیب ناشی از اعتیاد در حیطه قانونی( 05/0>P)، اختلالات موجود در خوشه دو و شدت آسیب ناشی از اعتیاد در حیطه­های مصرف الکل، مواد، مشکلات قانونی و مشکلات روان‌پزشکی ( 05/0>P) و اختلالات موجود در خوشه سه و شدت آسیب ناشی از اعتیاد در حیطه الکل و مواد ( 05/0>P) رابطه مثبت معنادار وجود داشت.
نتیجه گیری
اختلالات شخصیت خوشه دو عامل پیش­بین قوی­تری برای مشکلات ناشی از اعتیاد می­باشند و نیازمند درمان­های اختصاصی­تری به نسیت سایر گروه ­ها هستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between personality disorders and addiction severity in Iranian male drug users

نویسندگان [English]

  • Simasadat Noorbakhsh 1
  • Zahra Zeinodini 1
  • Zeynab Khanjani 2
  • Hamid Poorsharifi 2
  • Sepideh Rajezi Esfahani 3
  • Mojgan Mohhamadzadeh 4
  • Afsane Yoosefi 5
  • Fahime Maliki 5
1 1. Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 2. Tabriz University, Department of Psychology, Tabriz, Iran. Dr Hamid Poorsharifi: Tabriz University, Department of Psychology, Tabriz, Iran.
3 3. Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4 4. Faculty of Rehabilitation Scienses, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5 5. Clinical psychology department, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Regarding the importance of addiction in our societies, this study has been carried out to investigate the relationship between personality disorders and addiction severity.
Methods and materials: 248 addicts (135 opiate dependents and 113 stimulant dependents) chosen by convenient sampling method in 2013 were participated in this study. All participants were from patients referred to Addiction Treatment Clinics in Tehran, Iran. Data collecting process was accomplished by means of clinical interview based on DSM-5 criteria for Substance Use Disorders, Iranian version of Addiction Severity Index, and Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory – III. Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation using SPSS version 21.
Results: There was a significant correlation between cluster A and legal status (p<0.05), cluster B and alcohol use, drug use, legal status, and psychiatric status (p<0.05), and cluster C and alcohol and drug use (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Personality disorders in cluster B are stronger predictors for addiction severity and suggests specified treatment requirements in comparison with other groups.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Personality Disorders
  • Addiction Severity
  • Cluster
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