رابطه هیجان ابرازشده، هم ‌وابستگی و سبک‌های مقابله با استرس خانواده و میزان شدت علائم وسواس- اجبار بیماران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1. کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، مرکز تحقیقات علوم رفتاری دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران.

2 2. روان‌پزشک، استاد، مرکز تحقیقات علوم رفتاری دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران

3 3. دکتری روانشناسی بالینی، مرکز تحقیقات علوم رفتاری دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران.

4 4. کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی، مرکز تحقیقات علوم رفتاری دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران.

5 5. کارشناس پژوهشی، ، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهیدبهشتی. تهران، ایران.

10.22037/jrm.2015.1100158

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
پژوهش حاضر به‌منظور بررسی رابطه هیجان ابرازشده، هم‌وابستگی و سبک‌های مقابله با استرس خانواده و میزان شدت علائم وسواس- اجبار بیماران انجام شده است.
مواد و روش­ها
مطالعه حاضر از نوع همبستگی است در این پژوهش 40 بیمار مبتلا به وسواس- اجبار که به بیمارستان امام حسین و یک کلینیک درمانی سرپایی کرده بودند با روش دردسترس انتخاب شدند. میزان هیجان ابرازشده خانواده با تکمیل مقیاس سطح هیجان ابرازشده کول و کازاریان توسط بیمار و مقیاس هم‌وابستگی هالیوک و سبک‌های مقابله با استرس پارکلر و اندلر با تکمیل پرسشنامه توسط همراه بیمار مشخص شدند.. جهت تحلیل داده‌ها از نرم‌افزار SPSS 16 و آزمون‌های همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون خطی استفاده شد.
یافته­ها
 از میان مؤلفه‌های هیجان ابرازشده، خرده­مقیاس‌های مزاحمت و مداخله‌گری "013/0P="، پاسخ هیجانی "02/0P="و نگرش منفی نسبت به بیماری "023/0P=" و نمره کل هیجان ابرازشده "02/0P="در اعضای خانواده رابطه معناداری با شدت وسواس در بیماران نشان داد. تمام خرده مقیاس‌های ازخودگذشتگی "041/0P="، تمرکز بیرونی "047/0P=" و واکنشی بودن "039/0P=" و نمره کل هم‌وابستگی "038/0P="در اعضای خانواده رابطه معناداری با شدت وسواس در بیماران نشان داد. در میان سبک‌های مقابله با استرس، سبک مقابله هیجان مدار "017/0P="، در اعضای خانواده رابطه معناداری با شدت وسواس در بیماران نشان داد.
نتیجه‌گیری
هیجان ابرازشده، هم‌وابستگی و سبک‌های مقابله هیجان مدار خانواده با میزان شدت علائم وسواس- اجبار بیماران رابطه دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The relationship of expressed emotion, codependency, coping styles for family stress and the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive patients

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fahime Rahgozar 1
  • Ali Reza Zahiredin 2
  • Sepideh Rajezi Esfahani 3
  • Simasadat Noorbakhsh 4
  • Mojgan Mohhamadzadeh 5
1 1. Behavioural Sciences Research Centre, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2 2. Behavioral Sciences Research Centre, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 3. Behavioural Sciences Research Centre, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 4. Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5 5. Facult of Rehabilitation Scienses, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: This study aimed to investigate the relationship of expressed emotion, codependency and coping styles for stress and the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive patients. Material and Methods: This study included 40 patients suffered from obsessive-compulsive, which were referred to Imam Hossein hospital and several health clinics. The scale of maternal expressed emotion was assessed by Cole and KazarianLevel of Expressed Emotion Scale and Holyoake Codependency Index and Parker and Andler Coping Inventory for Stressful Situation questionnaire.
Results: Among the components of expressed emotion, subscale of disturbance and intervention P=0/013, emotional responses P=0/002 and a negative attitude towards the disease P =0/023 and total score expressed emotion by P=0/002 in relatives of patients showed a significant relationship with severity of obsession. All subscales of self-devotion P =0/041, external focus P =0/047, and the reaction P =0/039 and the total score "P =0/038" showed the same relationship with the obsession severity. Among coping styles, focused coping styles P=0/017 and the severity of the obsession showed a significant relationship.
Conclusion: Family expressed emotion, codependency and emotional coping style are related with the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive patients.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Expressed Emotion
  • Codependency
  • Coping Styles with Stress
  • Obsessive-Compulsive
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