عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Multiple sclerosis is the most common chronic autoimmune disease. Given the importance of independence in daily activities and its relationship with balance, the goal of the present study was to investigate the relationship between balance and independence in basic and instrumental activities of daily life of the patients with multiple sclerosis in Tehran.
Materials and Method: Participants of the present cross-sectional study were 40 MS patients (20 males and 20 females) with a mean age of (7.455) 39.25 and duration of illness for (15.488) 35.85. All the participants could walk independently and could perfrom their daily acitivities. They were evaluated using Balance Berg Scale, Barthel Index, Instrumental Activity of Daily Living Lawton version, and Functional Independed Measure in a single session and with intervals.
Results: According to pearson correlation coefficient, with confidence certainty set at 0.95, correlation coefficients were found to be 0.396 between balance and Barthel index with a significant level of 0.011, 0.415 between balance and with Latown index and significant level of 0.008, and 0.484 between balance and equilibrium FIM and 0.002 confidence level. Considering P<0.005, the relationship between balance and Barthel Index, Latown, and FIM, was significant in these patients.
Conclusion: It seems that balance can affect independence of these patients in their daily activities and social participation. Considering the fact that all the participants had some degrees of independence in their daily activities and balance, it is recommended that further studies be carried out among a larger population in a longitudinal study.