رابطة خودگفتاری مثبت و منفی با اضطراب رقابتی و درصد صحیح سرویس در مسابقه والیبال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دکترای رفتارحرکتی، استادیار گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهیدمدنی آذربایجان. تبریز. ایران

10.22037/jrm.2015.1100176

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
خود‌گفتاری یک تکنیک رفتاری شناختی در ارتقاء اجرای تکلیف است. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی رابطة خودگفتاری مثبت و منفی با اضطراب رقابتی و درصد صحیح سرویس در حین مسابقه در والیبالیست‌ها بود.
مواد و روش ها
روش پژوهش توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعة آماری پژوهش شامل کلیة تیم‌های والیبال شرکت­کننده در مسابقات جام رمضان بود که 43 نفر از راه نمونه‌گیری تصادفی به­عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. برای گردآوری اطلاعات از پرسش­نامة کاربرد خودگفتاری هاردی، و اضطراب حالت رقابتی کاکس، و برای گردآوری اطلاعات مربوط به درصد صحیح سرویس والیبال نیز از روش فیلم­برداری و مشاهده استفاده گردید.
یافته ها
نتایج نشان داد بین درصد خودگفتاری مثبت با درصد صحیح سرویس حین رقابت، رابطة مستقیم وجود دارد. همچنین بین درصد خودگفتاری منفی با درصد صحیح سرویس حین رقابت رابطه معکوس وجود دارد. ولی این ارتباط‌ات معنا­دار نبود. همچنین بین درصد خودگفتاری مثبت با درصد اضطراب حین رقابت نیز ارتباط معنا­داری وجود نداشت ولی بین درصد خودگفتاری منفی با اضطراب حین رقابت ارتباط معنا‌دار بود.
نتیجه گیری
بر اساس نتایج این پژوهش خودگفتاری با بهبود اجرای سرویس و کاهش اضطراب رقابتی ارتباط دارد، بنابراین می‌توان از خودگفتاری مثبت به عنوان نوعی راهکار شناختی در کنار تمرین‌های بدنی استفاده کرد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Positive and Negative Self-Talk with Competitive Anxiety and Percentage of Correct Services during a Volleyball Match

نویسنده [English]

  • Behrouz Ghorbanzadeh
PhD in Motor Behavior, Assistant Professor, Physical Education and Sport Science Department, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Azarbaijan Sharghi, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Self-talk isa cognitive behavioral technique to improve task performance.The purpose of the present research was to study the relationship between positive and negative self-talk and competitive anxiety, and the percentage of correct services during a volleyball match.
Materials and Methods: The present study was descriptive cross-correlational. The primary population consisted of all volleyball teams that participated in Ramazan cup. A total of 43 persons were randomly selected as sample group. To collect data, Hardy self-talk and Cox competitive anxiety Questionnaire and for assessing the percentage of correct services in the match, video recording and observation were used.
Results: The results demonstrated that there is a relationship between the percentage of positive and negative self-talk and correct services during competition but this relationship is not significant. Also, no significant relationship was found between positive self-talk and anxiety percentage during competition, but there was a significant relationship between negative self-talk and anxiety during the competition.
Conclusion: According to the results of the study, there is a relationship between self-talk and servicing performance and also reduction of competitive anxiety, so positive self-talk can be used as a cognitive strategy along with the physical exercises.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Self-Talk
  • Volleyball
  • Anxiety
  • Competition
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