مروری بر آسیب شناسی ورزش های رزمی در ایران: مقاله مروری

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه آسیب شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی دانشگاه شهید باهنر، کرمان، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه آسیب شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی دانشگاه شهید باهنر، کرمان، ایران

10.22037/jrm.2016.1100189

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
هدف از انجام مطالعه حاضر، بررسی چهارچوب علمی تحقیقات مرتبط با آسیب­های ورزشکاران رشته های رزمی و همچنین انجام یک جمع­بندی مطلوب و ارائه اطلاعات مناسب­تری از تحقیقات پیشین می باشد.
مواد و روش­ها
در این مطالعه جستجوی مقالات در پایگاه­های تخصصی صورت پذیرفت و 17 مقاله مرتبط بر اساس معیارهای ورود و خروج انتخاب شدند.
 یافته­ها
 بررسی­ها نشان داد که بیشترین آسیب­های کاراته در ناحیه سر و گردن و در مورد رشته­های تکواندو و جودو در ناحیه اندام تحتانی رخ می­دهد که بیشتر این آسیب ها از نوع کوفتگی و کبودی می­باشند. بر اساس این بررسی ها مشخص شد که اکثر آسیب­های گزارش شده در هنگام تمرین اتفاق افتاده­اند که البته این آسیب­ها بطور عام از نوع خفیف می­باشند. بررسی­ها همچنین نشان داد که خطای تکنیکی حریف بعنوان مهم­ترین عامل ایجاد آسیب در هر سه رشته کاراته، تکواندو و جودو محسوب می­شود.
نتیجه­گیری
مطالعه حاضر نشان داد که اختلافات آشکاری بین شیوه گزارش تحقیقات موجود در زمینه آسیب­ ورزشکاران رشته­های رزمی وجود دارد که امکان جمع­بندی دلخواه نتایج را دشوار می­کند و بر همین اساس، نیاز به همسان­سازی این ویژگی­ها در تحقیقات آتی ضروری به نظر می­رسد؛ با این وجود به نظر می­رسد که الگوی آسیب­ها در تحقیقات داخلی به طور کلی مشابه گزارش های صورت گرفته در خارج از کشور می­باشد. از طرفی با توجه به اینکه هیچکدام از تحقیقات پیشین به بررسی تاثیر اقدامات مداخله­ای بر کاهش آسیب­ها نپرداخته­اند و از آنجا که پیشنهادها پیشگیرانه­ی ارائه شده در این تحقیقات تنها بر اساس حدس و گمانه­زنی و یا با استناد به نتایج تحقیقات خارجی ارائه شده­اند، به نظر می­رسد که بسیاری از این پیشنهادها قابل اتکا نمی­باشد و لازم است در تحقیقات آتی تلاش بر این باشد تا از استراتژی­های پیشگیری از آسیب و اقدامات مداخله­ای برای کنترل خطرپذیری فاکتورها و مکانیسم­های آسیب در رزمی­کاران ایرانی استفاده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A review of injury assessment in Iranian martial artists: Systematic review

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mansour Sahebozamani 1
  • Ramin Beyranvand 2
1 Associate Professor, Department of Sport Injury and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran
2 PhD Student, Department of Sport Injury and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the scientific framework of studies related to martial arts injuries and to provide a comprehensive review of the previous studies.
Materials and Methods: The search for articles was performed in specialized databases and 17 articles were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria.
Results: The study showed that most injuries in karate occur in the head and neck, and in taekwondo and judo they occur in the lower extremities. Most of these injuries are contusions and bruises. It was also found that most of the reported injuries occurred during practice, but these injuries are generally mild. The study also showed that the opponent's technical foul is the most important cause of injuries in karate, taekwondo, and judo.
Conclusion: The present study revealed that there are clear differences between the method of research report related to martial arts injuries, that results in difficult conclusions, so matching the features seems to be necessary in future studies. However, it seems that the pattern of injuries in domestic investigations is similar to those reported abroad. Since none of the previous studies examined the effect of interventions on the reduction of injuries and the preventive suggestions offered are presented based on speculations or studies in other countries, it appears that many of these suggestions are not reliable and future attempts should aim to study the injury prevention strategies and interventions to control risk factors and injury mechanisms in Iranian martial artists. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sport Injuries
  • Martial Arts
  • Karate
  • Taekwondo
  • Judo
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