افزایش سلامت جامعه با راه اندازی بخش خدمات اطلاع‎رسانی پزشکی و سلامت در کتابخانه‎های عمومی: رویکرد کیفی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای علم اطلاعات و دانش‎شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم تحقیقات، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه علم اطلاعات و دانش شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران.

10.22037/jrm.2016.1100195

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
هدف این پژوهش ارائه الگویی مناسب برای اطلاع‎رسانی پزشکی و سلامت در کتابخانه‎های عمومی برای شهروندان است.
مواد و روش ها
پژوهش حاضر به صورت کیفی و با استفاده از روش نظریه زمینه ای به منظور استخراج الگویی تحلیلی و جامع انجام شد. ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات در این پژوهش انجام مصاحبه‎های عمیق و نیمه‎ساختار یافته با 18 نفر از متخصصان و مدیران حوزه سلامت و بهداشت و نهاد کتابخانه‎های‎عمومی است. برای اطمینان از درستی و پایایی داده های کیفی از معیارهای قابل دقت علمی استفاده شد. پس از پیاده سازی مصاحبه‌ها به روش کدگذاری باز، محوری و گزینشی مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. مقوله اصلی شناسایی و سپس در ارتباط با مقوله اصلی شرایط علی، زمینه، مداخله‎گر، راهبردها و پیامدهای آن معین شد.
یافته ها
ویژگی‎های تولیدکننده و توزیع کننده اطلاعات به عنوان زمینه‌های الگوی بدست آمده مشخص شده‎اند که وجود توانایی‎های بالا در وزارت بهداشت مانند نیروهای متخصص در وزارت بهداشت، دسترسی به منابع اطلاعاتی سلامت و توانایی کتابداران آموزش دیده و وجود مخاطب عمومی در کتابخانه‎های عمومی بود. ایجاد تفاهم‎نامه بین دو سازمان و تدوین برنامه و فضای تعامل از مقوله‌های راهبردی بودند و پیامدهای آن شامل ارتقا بهداشت و سواد سلامت ، دسترسی مردم به منابع معتبر و روزآمد بدست آمد.
بحث و نتیجه گیری
با توجه به نیازهای کاربران برای دسترسی به اطلاعات معتبر، ضروری به نظر می‎رسد که الگویی بومی ارائه شود. استفاده از این الگو برای تولید و توزیع منابع اطلاعاتی پزشکی و سلامت به عموم مردم کمک می کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Health promotion by setting up medical and health information services in public libraries: A qualitative approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Laleh Joulahi 1
  • Fahimeh Babalhavaeji 2
  • Nadjla Hariri 2
1 PhD Student of Knowledge and Information Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Knowledge and Information Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: The aim of the present study was to provide a model for medical and health information in public libraries for citizens.
Materials and Methods: The methodology was qualitative using grounded theory to extract analytical and comprehensive model. The population consisted of 18 specialists and officials in the field of Health and Public libraries selected using purposive sampling. The research tools were semi-structured interviews. To ensure the validity and reliability of qualitative data, measures with standards of scientific rigor were used. The interviews were analyzed using open coding, axial, and selective methods. The main issues were identified, and so were causal conditions, grounded, interferer, strategies, and consequences.
Results: The main features of both the manufacturer and distributor of health information were found as the proposed model: high potentials and abilities in the Ministry of Health like specialists in Health area, access to health information, the skills of trained librarians, and the general audience of public libraries. Strategies were establishing agreement between the two organizations, planning programs, and promoting interactive atmosphere, which can lead to promotion of health and health literacy individuals’ access to more reliable and up to date resources.
Conclusion: Since users need to have access to reliable information, it seems necessary to provide a local model for this purpose. Using this model to produce and distribute medical and health information resources can be helpful to the public.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Medical information
  • Public libraries
  • Health literacy
  • Health information resources
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