بررسی اثر سطح زمین بازی در بروز سندروم فشار داخلی تیبیا در بازیکنان حرفه ای مرد و ارتباط آن با وضعیت پا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه آسیب شناسی و حرکت اصلاحی، دا نشکده تربیت بدنی دانشگاه گیلان، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد آسیب شناسی و حرکت اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی دانشگاه گیلان، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد آسیب شناسی و حرکت اصلاحی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی رشت، ایران

10.22037/jrm.2016.1100201

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف­
شین اسپیلینت یکی از آسیب های رایج در ورزشکاران می باشد. هدف از این تحقیق، بررسی اثر سطح زمین بازی در بروز سندروم فشار داخلی تیبیا در بازیکنان حرفه ای مرد و ارتباط آن با وضعیت پا می باشد.
  موادوروشها
درمجموع 90 نفر از بازیکنان حرفه ای مرد سه رشته فوتسال، فوتبال و فوتبال ساحلی در قالب سه گروه 30 نفری در این تحقیق شرکت کردند. به منظور مقایسه شیوع سندروم فشار داخلی تیبیا در بین سه رشته از پرسش نامه معروف یاتس و وایت استفاده شد. همچنین برای ارزیابی وضعیت قرارگیری پای ورزشکاران دارای سندروم فشار داخلی تیبیا از شاخص معتبر پاسچر پا استفاده شد.
یافته ها
 در مجموع یافته ها نشان داد شیوع سندروم فشار داخلی ساق در  بازیکنان مرد حرفه ای فوتبال، فوتبال ساحلی و فوتسال 4/24 درصد بوده است. همچنین نشان­داده ­شد تفاوت معنی داری ازلحاظ­ شیوع این سندروم درسه رشته وجود دارد (05/0p≤). بطوری که در بازیکنان فوتسال شیوع آن از همه بیشتر (2/12) درصد و بعد از آن در فوتبال (9/8) درصد و سپس در فوتبال ساحلی (3/3) درصد بوده است (01/0P=). همچنین نتایج نشان داد، رابطه معناداری بین میزان شیوع سندروم فشار داخلی تیبیا و پرونیشن پا وجود دارد (05/0 p≤).  به گونه ای در مجموع بازیکنان سه رشته دارای این سندروم  متداول ترین پوسچر پا، پرونیشن بود و میزان آن  (2/12) درصد گزارش شد.
نتیجه گیری
 با توجه به نتایج این تحقیق می توان گفت، سطح و پرونیشن پا از عوامل مهم بروز سندروم داخلی تیبیا می باشند. از این رو به مربیان پیشنهاد می شود، درباره این ناهنجاری به اصلاحاتی از جمله استفاده از نوارهای ضد پرونیشن وکفی های مخصوص بیاندیشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of playing surface on the medial tibia stress syndrome in male professionals and its relationship with foot posture

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Shamsi Majelan 1
  • Taleb Fadaei Dehcheshmeh 2
  • Mona Aghaei 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Corrective Exercise and Sport Injuries, University of Guilan, Iran
2 Department of Corrective Exercise and Sport Injuries, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Iran
3 Department of Corrective Exercise and Sport Injuries, Islamic Azad University of Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Shin splint is one of the common injuries in most athletes. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of playing surface on the Medial tibia stress syndrome in male professionals and its relationship with foot posture.           
Materials and Methods: A total of 90 male professional players of futsal, soccer, and beach soccer participated in three groups of 30. We used the shine spilint questionnaire to compare the spread of Medial tibia stress syndrome among these participants. Also, we used foot posture index to assess the feet location in athletes with Medial tibial stress syndrome.
Results: The results showed the sptread of Medial tibia stress syndrome in male professional futsal, soccer, and beach soccer players is %24.4. Also, the results showed significant differences in the prevalnce of this syndrome among these three sports (p≤/05). The prevalence rate of this syndrome in futsal players (%12.2) is the highest among these three sports and then come soccer (%8.9) and next beach soccer (%3.3) (p=0/00). Also, the results revealed a significant relationship between foot pronation and Medial tibia stress syndrome (p≤/05), moreover the most common foot posture in players among these three sports was found to be pronation with %12.2 prevalence.
Conclusion: According to the resultes of the present survey, it can be stated that level and pronation are the main causes of Medial tibia stress syndrome, so we recommend that trainers consider using anti-pronation bands and special insoles to correct this disorder.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Medial Tibia Stress Syndrome
  • Foot posture index
  • Male professional players
  • Playing surface
 

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