تأثیر تمرینات ثبات مرکزی بر استقامت عضلات خم کننده و باز کننده تنه و کیفیت زندگی مادران مبتلا به کمردرد دارای کودکان فلج مغزی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
شیوع دردهای اسکلتی-عضلانی در مادران دارای کودک فلج مغزی به­طور معناداری بیشتر از مادران کودکان عادی است. هدف از مطالعه­ی حاضر بررسی تأثیر هشت هفته تمرینات ثبات مرکزی بر استقامت عضلات خم کننده و باز کننده تنه و کیفیت زندگی مادران دارای کودک فلج مغزی است.
مواد و روش­ها
در مطالعه نیمه تجربی حاضر، 30 نفر از مادران مبتلا به کمردرد دارای کودک فلج مغزی 6 تا 18 ساله شهر اصفهان، با توجه به ملاک­های پژوهش به روش هدفمند و در دسترس به عنوان نمونه تحقیق انتخاب شدند. سپس به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه 15 نفری تجربی و کنترل تقسیم شدند. گروه تجربی به مدت 8 هفته و سه جلسه در هفته و هر جلسه به مدت 20 دقیقه تمرینات منتخب ثبات مرکزی را انجام دادند، در حالی که گروه کنترل، هیچ گونه فعالیت ورزشی منظمی را انجام ندادند. کیفیت زندگی و استقامت عضلات خم کننده و باز کننده ستون فقرات به ترتیب با استفاده از پرسش­نامه وضعیت سلامت (36SF)، آزمون استقامت ایستای خم کننده­های تنه و آزمون ایستای بازکننده­های تنه قبل و پس از هشت هفته مداخله تمرینی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت.
یافته­ها
نتایج تحقیق حاضر نشان دهنده بهبود معنادار در کیفیت زندگی (001/0=P)، استقامت عضلات خم کننده (002/0=P) و بازکننده تنه (040/0=P) متعاقب انجام تمرینات ثبات مرکزی بود.
نتیجه­ گیری
با توجه به نتایج به­دست آمده در پژوهش حاضر، تمرینات ثبات دهنده باعث بهبود کیفیت زندگی و استقامت عضلات خم کننده و بازکننده تنه در مادران دارای کودک مبتلا به فلج مغزی می­شود. لذا با توجه به اهمیت سلامت مادران دارای کودک فلج مغزی، پایین بودن سطح کیفیت زندگی آن­ها و تأثیر مثبت تمرینات ثبات مرکزی بر کیفیت زندگی و استقامت عضلات تنه، این روش می تواند به عنوان یک مدالیته در درمان مادران مبتلا به کمردرد مزمن دارای کودک با ناتوانی جسمی–حرکتی توصیه گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Core Stabilization Exercises on Trunk Flexor and Extensor Musculature Endurance and Quality of Life in Mothers with Low Back Pain Who Have Children with Cerebral Palsy

نویسندگان [English]

  • farzaneh karimzadeh 1
  • Amir Letafatkar 2
1 MSc in Sport Injury and Corrective Exercise, School of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran- Iran
2 Assisstant Professor, Sport Injury and Corrective Exercise, School of Physical Education and Sports Scienses, Kharazmi University, Tehran- Iran
چکیده [English]

ABSTRACT
Background and Aim: Musculoskeletal pain in mothers of children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) is significantly higher than that in mothers of typically normal children. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of eight weeks core stabilization exercises on trunk flexor and extensor musculature endurance as well as quality of life in mothers of children with CP.
Materials and Methods: In the current quasi experimental study, 30 mothers of children with CP who had low back pain, aged 6 to 18 years, were selected in Isfahan based on targeted and convenience sampling methods according to the criteria of the study. Next, they were randomly divided into two groups of experimental and control, each containing 15 mothers. The experimental group performed core stabilization exercises for 8 weeks, three days a week, each session lasting 20 minutes, while the control group did not do any regular exercise. Quality of life and trunk flexor and extensor musculature endurance were respectively measured using SF-36 questionnaire and trunk flexor and trunk extensor endurance tests prior to and after the eight weeks of exercise program.
Results: Finding revealed significantl improvement in the quality of life (p=0.001), trunk flexor (p=0.002), and extensor musculature endurance (p=0.040) after implementing the core stabilization exercises intervention.
Conclusion:Based on the results, core stabilization exercise program can improve quality of life and trunk flexor and extensor musculature endurance in mothers of children with CP. Therefore, considering the importance of the health of mothers with CP children, their low levels of quality of life, and positive effect of core stability exercises on the quality of life and trunk muscle endurance, this exercise is recommended for mothers of children with Physical disability who have chronic low back pain.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Core Stabilization Exercises
  • Non-specific Chronic Low Back Pain
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Mother
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