ارتباط تعادل ایستا و شاخص های آنتروپومتریکی تیراندازان نخبه بزرگسال زن و مرد ایرانی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد بیومکانیک ورزشی، گروه بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران.

2 استاد تمام، عضو هیئت علمی گروه بیومکانیک، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران.

3 کارشناسی ارشد کاردرمانی، مربی دانشکده علوم توانبخشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

4 کارشناسی ارشد آمار زیستی، مربی دانشکده علوم توانبخشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

10.22037/jrm.2015.1100216

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
هر رشته ورزشی نسبت به ویژگی و نیاز آن رشته و نوع تمرینات و مهارت هایی که انجام می دهد به سطوح مختلفی از تعادل نیاز دارد. این مطالعه با توجه به نقش تعادل ایستا و شاخص های آنتروپومتریکی در ورزش تیراندازی و تاثیر آن بر عملکرد تیراندازان و با هدف آگاهی دادن به متخصصین ورزش تیراندازی به منظور شناسایی نقاط قوت و اصلاح نقاط ضعف تیراندازان زن و مرد صورت گرفته است.
مواد و روش ها
ارزیابی های شاخص های آنتروپومتریکی: وزن، قد (ایستاده و نشسته)، طول دو دست، طول بازو، طول واقعی پا، طول کف پا، پهنای زانو، محیط بازو در حال استراحت و انقباض، محیط ساعد، محیط لگن، محیط وسط ران، محیط زانو، محیط ساق پا، محیط مچ پا، BMI، درصد چربی بدن، WHR و دو تست تعادلی شارپندرومبرگ و لک لک از 32  تیرانداز (16 تیرانداز زن و 16 تیرانداز مرد از میان 45 تیرانداز تیم ملی) و 32 نفر گروه کنترل (16 زن و 16 مرد) گرفته شد.
یافته ها
یافته ها نشان می دهد که، در نمره تعادل لک لک با شاخص های آنتروپومتریکی در زنان تیرانداز تنها بین متغیر وزن و در مردان تیرانداز تنها بین متغیر پهنای زانو ارتباط معناداری وجود دارد و در زنان تیرانداز (به جز در شاخص وزن) و مردان تیرانداز نمره تعادل شارپندرومبرگ هیچ ارتباط معناداری با هیچ یک از شاخص های آنتروپومتریکی آنها ندارد. تیراندازان دارای تعادل بالاتری نسبت به افراد گروه کنترل هستند و همچنین  مقایسه شاخص های اصلی آنتروپومتریکی تیراندازان نخبه بزرگسال زن و مرد نشان داد که بین بیشتر شاخص های آنتروپومتریکی اختلاف معناداری بود.
نتیجه گیری
می توان نتیجه گرفت که تیراندازان نخبه ایرانی بطور معناداری تعادل ایستای بالاتری نسبت به گروه کنترل خود دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Correlation of static balance and anthropometric characteristics in Iranian elite male and female shooters

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Bayati 1
  • Razieh Yousefian 1
  • Heydar Sadeghi 2
  • Ali-Asghar Jamebozorgi 3
  • Seyed- Mehdi Tabatabaee 4
1 MSc in Sport Biomechanics, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University of Tehran Markaz, Tehran, Iran.
2 PhD, Full Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
3 MSc in Occupation Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4 MSc in Biostatistics, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: The present study was carried out to study the role of static balance and anthropometric indices in the shooting sports and its impact on the performance of the shooters with the aim of informing the shooting sports specialists and correcting weaknesses in male and female shooters.
Materials and Methods: Anthropometric characteristics, weight, height (standing and sitting positions), two hands, arm length, leg length, the actual length of the foot, knee width, resting and contracting arm circumference, arm circumference, hip circumference, the mid-thigh, the knee, the leg, the ankle, BMI, percent body fat, WHR, and two tests for balance, i.e. Sharpened Romberg and stork, were evaluated for 32 shooters (16 women and 16 men from among the pool of 45 shooters of the National Shooting Team) and 32 controls (16 females and 16 males).
Results: The results showed that comparison of the stork balance with anthropometric indices revealed significant difference only in weight variable in female participants and the width of the knee in male participants. No sifnificant relationship was observed between Sharpened Romberg test indices and any of the anthropometric indices in females (except for weight) and males either. Shooters were observed to have better balance compared with that of the control group. Moreover, comparison of anthropometric indices of the adult male and female elite shooters showed that there is a significant difference among all the anthropometric indices.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that the Iranian elite shooters have a significantly higher static balance in comparison with that of the control group.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Balance
  • anthropometric characteristics
  • shooter
  • elite
  1. Rad LS, Mamashi Z, Sadeghi H. A comparison of common methods for static, semi-dynamic, and dynamic balance assessmentin 12 to 15year old girls with different somatotypes. Intl. j. Sport Std. 2013;3 (10): 1137-1148 [In Persian]##
  2. Erkmen N, Taşkin H, Sanioğlu A, Kaplan T, Baştürk D. Relationships between balance and functional performance in football players. Journal of Human Kinetics. 2010;26:21-9.##
  3. Abbasi A, Sadeghi H, Tabrizi HB, Bagheri K, Ghasemizad A, karimi Asl A. Effect of whole body vibration, aquatic balance and combined training on neuromuscularperformance, balance and walking ability in male elderly able-bodied individual. World Applied Sciences Journal. 2011;15(1):84-91.[In Persian]##
  4. Ashton-Miller JA, Wojtys EM, Huston LJ, Fry-Welch D. Can proprioception really be improved by exercises? Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy. 2001;9(3):128-36.##
  5. Bressel E, Yonker JC, Kras J, Heath EM. Comparison of static and dynamic balance in female collegiate soccer, basketball, and gymnastics athletes. Journal of athletic training. 2007;42(1):42-46.##
  6. Hrysomallis C. Preseason and midseason balance ability of professional Australian footballers. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2008;22(1):210-1.##
  7. Abbasi A, Tabrizi H, Sarvestani H, Rahmanpourmoghaddam J. Dynamic Balance in Inactive Elder Maleschanges after Eight Weeks Functional and Core Stabilization Training. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research. 2012;11(3):304-10.[In Persian]##
  8. Sarvestani H, Tabrizi H, Abbasi A, Rahmanpourmoghaddam J. The Effect of Eight Weeks Aquatic Balance Trainingand Core Stabilization Training on Dynamic Balance in Inactive Elder Males. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research. 2012;11(3):279-86.[In Persian]##
  9. Cheshomi S, Rajabi R, Alizadeh M. The relationship between thoracic kyphosis curvature, scapular position and posterior shoulder girdle muscles endurance. World Applied Sciences Journal. 2011;14(7):1072-6.[In Persian]##
  10. Kayapmar FÇ. The Effect of the Movement Education on the Dynamic Balance Skills of Preschool Children. World Applied Sciences Journal. 2010;10(5):607-11.##
  11. Emery C. Is there a clinical standing balance measurement appropriate for use in sports medicine? A review of the literature. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2003;6(4):492-504.##
  12. Hrysomallis C, McLaughlin P, Goodman C. Relationship between static and dynamic balance tests among elite Australian Footballers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2006;9(4):288-91.##
  13. Langley F, Mackintosh SF. Functional balance assessment of older community dwelling adults: a systematic review of the literature: NovaSoutheastern University; 2007.##
  14. Koley S, Gupta B. Correlations of Static Balance and Anthropometric Characteristics in Indian Elite Male Shooters. International Journal of Applied Sports Sciences. 2012;24(2): 65-72.##
  15. Tabrizi HB, Abbasi A, Sarvestani HJ. Comparing the Static and Dynamic Balances and Their Relationship with the Anthropometrical Characteristics in the Athletes of Selected Sports. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research. 2013;15(2):216-21.[In Persian]##
  16. Palmieri RM, Ingersoll CD, Cordova ML, KinzeySJ, Stone MB, Krause BA. The effect of a simulated knee joint effusion on postural control in healthy subjects. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. 2003;84(7):1076-9.##
  17. Alizadeh E, Fard PZ. The position of environmental threats in creatingdifferent models of regional integration. 2010, 4(3): 541-548 [In Persian]##
  18. Grigg P. Peripheral neural mechanisms in proprioception. J Sport Rehabil. 1994;3(1):2-17.##
  19.    Kamal SA. Manual for obtaining anthropometric measurements. The-NGDS-Pilot-Project-e-Publication; 2006.##
  20. Sheikh M, Shahbazi M, Tahmasebi Sh. Measurment&Evaluation in Physical Education& Sport Sciences. bamdadketab. 2007.[In Persian]##
  21. Kinanthropometry ISftAo. International standards for anthropometric assessment. North-West University Potchefstroom, South Africa RSA; 2001.##
  22. Zarneshan A. Comparison and correlation of menstrual dysfunctions and regional fat distribution in female student athletes and non-athletes. Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. 2014;17(12):789-96.[In Persian]##
  23. Wilmore J, Costill D, Kenney W. Physiology of Sport and Exercise, Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Br J Sports Med. 1994;28:267-71.##
  24. Behnke AR, Wilmore JH. Evaluation and regulation of body build and composition: Prentice-Hall Englewood Cliffs, NJ; 1974.##
  25. Franchignoni F, Tesio L, Martino M, Ricupero C. Reliability of four simple, quantitative tests of balance and mobility in healthy elderly females. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research. 1998;10(1):26-31.##
  26. Koley S, Singh J. Anthropometric and physiological characteristics on Indian inter-university basketball players. Journal of Physical Education and Sports. 2010;28(3):70-6.##
  27. McClay IS, Robinson JR, Andriacchi TP, Frederick EC, Gross T, Martin P, et al. A Profile of Ground Reaction Forces in Professional Basketball. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 1994;10(3): 222-236.##
  28. Bourgois J, Claessens AL, Vrijens J, Philippaerts R, Van Renterghem B, Thomis M, et al. Anthropometric characteristics of elite male junior rowers. Br J Sports Med. 2000;34(3):213-6##
  29. Souri H, . Correlationofthe anthropometriccharacteristics oftheperformanceofnovicesandexperiencedshooting withBuddyColt. 2006;20(12):1309-14.[In Persian]##
  30. Mondal A, Majumdar R, Pal S. Anthropoimthy and Physiological Profile of Indian Shooter. International Journal of Applied Sports Sciences. 2011;23(2(:394- 405.##