نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری
1 دانشجوی دکتری بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران
2 استاد تمام دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Cellular study of the human body is new in clinical and rehabilitation sciences. Since mechanical variables are regulators of cellular functions, a study of properties including forces, stresses, strains, and velocities is considered for a better understanding of conventional methods of cellular behavior. Articles were found in reputable databases such as ScienceDirect, PubMed searching the keywords: cells, biomechanics, tissue, muscle, tendon, ligament, and micro and a final check was performed on 40 directly related articles.
Conclusions: In the current study, the aspects of tissues mechanical study and their assessment methods are addressed. According to the previous research, micropipette aspiration and atomic force microscopy are good methods for understanding the mechanical properties of the cell. Although some studies are carried out on cellular meniscus, tendons, and muscles, inconsistencies were observed. In this context, the studies note the major injury prevention and treatment methods through micro methods. Also, the microscopic mechanisms underlying the specific mechanical performance of body tissue are not quite clear. Therefore, the use of relatively new methods and more detailed studies seems essential in order to evaluate the mechanical performance of tissues in micro and nano levels to provide a light insight into the mechanical properties of tissues in future research. In the present review, the challenges facing cellular study of muscles, tendons, and ligaments at the micro level and the various used biomechanical devices have been noted. In the current article, the aim is to collect, classify and summarize the results of the studies, which can provide quick thorough information on the mechanical function of cells affecting human movement.