تأثیر برنامه پیشگیری از آسیب 11+ فیفا بر نیروی برشی قدامی زانوی پسران فوتبالیست نوجوان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد آسیب شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد. مشهد، ایران

2 دکترای فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشیار و هیئت علمی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد دانشکده تربیت بدنی. مشهد، ایران

3 دکترای طب ورزشی، استادیار و هیئت علمی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد دانشکده تربیت بدنی. مشهد، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و هدف
مطالعات پیشین نشان داده­اند برنامه­ی جامع گرم کردن 11+ فیفا به میزان قابل توجهی آسیب­های ورزشی بازیکنان فوتبال به‌ویژه آسیب ACL را کاهش می­دهد، اما اطلاعات محدودی در مورد تأثیر این برنامه بر نیروی برشی قدامی زانوی بازیکنان فوتبال وجود دارد. هدف از انجام مطالعه حاضر بررسی تأثیر برنامه پیشگیری از آسیب 11+ فیفا بر نیروی برشی قدامی زانوی پسران فوتبالیست نوجوان بود.
مواد و روش­ها
در مطالعه حاضر که به­صورت نیمه­تجربی انجام شد، 30 نفر فوتبالیست نوجوان 14 تا 16 سال فاقد هر گونه آسیب، به‌صورت در دسترس و هدفمند به‌عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب و به‌طور تصادفی به دو گروه تجربی (15نفر) و کنترل (15نفر) تقسیم شدند. اندازه­گیری نیروها (حین اجرای آزمون پرش–فرود یک­پا) به‌وسیله دستگاه صفحه نیرو صورت گرفت. حداکثر نیروی عکس‌العمل زمین در جهت خلفی به‌عنوان نیروی برشی قدامی زانو (معادل فشار بر ACL) در نظر گرفته شد. از آزمون تحلیل واریانس اندازه­های تکراری 2×2 برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها استفاده شد.
یافته­ها
کاهش معناداری در میزان نیروی برشی قدامی زانوی بازیکنان گروه تمرین در پس‌آزمون در مقایسه با گروه کنترل مشاهده شد (05/0p<).
نتیجه­گیری
مطالعه حاضر نشان داد برنامه تمرینی پیشگیری از آسیب 11+ فیفا می­تواند موجب کاهش نیروی برشی قدامی زانو در پسران فوتبالیست نوجوان شود. به نظر می­رسد این برنامه تمرینی می­تواند با محدود کردن نیروی برشی قدامی زانو که از عوامل خطر آسیب ACL می­باشد منجر به کنترل بهینه ACL گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of FIFA 11+ Injury Prevention Program on Anterior Knee Shear Force in Teenage Male Soccer Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyyed Mojtaba soltandoost Nari 1
  • Ahmad Ebrahimi Atri 2
  • Nahid Khoshraftar Yazdi 3
1 MSc Student of Physical Education. Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Mashhad, Iran.
2 Associate Professor of Physical Education. Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Mashhad, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor of Physical Education. Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and aim: The FIFA 11+ comprehensive warm-up programs are known to reduce sport injuries in soccer players, especially injury to Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL). However, there is limited knowledge on how it affects anterior knee shear force in soccer players. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of the FIFA 11+ injury prevention programs on anterior knee shear force in teenage male soccer players.
Materials and methods: In the current semi-experimental study, 30 teenage soccer players, aged between 14 and 16 years, with no injury in the lower extremities, were randomly divided into control (n= 15) and training (n= 15) groups. Force was measured using a force plate (during a single leg jump-landing test). The maximum posterior ground reaction force was considered as the anterior knee shear force (equivalent to the pressure on the ACL). Repeated measures analysis of variance was run for data analysis.
Results: The 11+ program training group brought about a significant reduction in the anterior knee shear force compared with that in the control group (p < 0.5).
Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that the FIFA 11+ injury prevention program can reduce shear force on the anterior knee of teenage male soccer players. This program may result in optimum control of ACL injury by limiting the anterior shear force on the knee, which is one of the risk factors of knee injury.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • FIFA 11+ Program
  • Anterior Knee Shear Force
  • Teenage Male Soccer Players
  • Aanterior Cruciate Ligament
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