کوچینگ عملکرد کاری: مقاله مروری توصیفی

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای کاردرمانی، گروه کاردرمانی، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی،تهران، ایران.

2 دکترای کاردرمانی، گروه آموزشی کاردرمانی، دانشیار و عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی ، مرکز تحقیقات علوم اعصاب، گروه آموزشی کاردرمانی، تهران، ایران.

3 دکترای کاردرمانی، گروه آموزشی کاردرمانی، دانشیار و عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی ، تهران، ایران.

4 دکترای کاردرمانی، گروه آموزشی کاردرمانی، عضو هیات علمی دانشکده توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

5 دکترای کاردرمانی، گروه آموزشی کاردرمانی، استادیار و عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی ، تهران، ایران.

10.22037/jrm.2016.1100264

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
کوچینگ عملکرد کاری، مداخله ای برای کار با والدین برای رسیدن به اهداف عملکرد کاری آنها و کودکانشان است. مقاله حاضر به تعریف این مفهوم و بررسی پژوهش- هایی که تا کنون در این حوزه انجام شده­اند، پرداخته است.
مواد و روش­ها
برای انجام این مقاله مروری توصیفی، جستجوی کاملی با کلید واژه های کوچینگ (coaching)، کوچینگ عملکرد کاری (occupational performance coaching) و کاردرمانی (occupational therapy) در پایگاه های جستجوی معتبرCINAHL, Medline, Science Direct, Pubmed, Wiley Online Library, ProQuest, ProQuest DissertationsوGoogle scholarدر فاصله زمانی 2009 تا 2015 انجام شد.
یافته‌ها
تعداد سه مقاله و یک پایان نامه کارشناسی ارشد بدست آمد که به بررسی تاثیر کوچینگ توسط کاردرمانگران بر روی مراجعین مختلف پرداخته بودند. به دلیل اندک بودن تعداد مقالات صرف نظر از روش مطالعه، هر چهار مطالعه­ی مداخله­ای براساس معیارهای ورود انتخاب شدند. از باقی مقالات برای حمایت از یافته­ها استفاده شد.
نتیجه‌گیری
کوچینگ عملکرد کاری موافق با هسته کاردرمانی بوده و به سبب خانواده محور بودن آن روش مداخله ای مناسبی برای والدین است، هر چند با توجه به نقاط ضعف مطالعات موجود،  باید پژوهش­های دقیق تر با روش شناختی قوی تری انجام پذیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Occupational Performance Coaching: A Descriptive Review Article

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mina Ahmadi Kahjoogh 1
  • Mehdi Rassafiani 2
  • Seyed Ali Hosseini 3
  • Babak Kashefimehr 4
  • Nazila Akbarfahimi 5
1 PhD Student in Occupational Therapy, University of Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 PhD in Occupational Therapy, Member of Faculty of University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Occupational Therapy, Tehran, Iran
3 Phd in Occupational Therapy, Member of Faculty of University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Occupational Therapy, Tehran, Iran
4 Assisstant Professor of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Assisstant Professor of Occupational Therapy, University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Occupational Therapy, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Occupational performance Coaching is an intervention to work with parents to achieve the goals of their occupational performance as well as their children. The present study intends to define and review the studies carried out in this area.
Materials and Methods: To carry out the present descriptive review article, a comprehensive search was performed using the key words: coaching, occupational performance coaching, and occupational therapy in the following databases: CINAHL, Medline, Science Direct, Pubmed, Wiley Online Library, ProQuest, ProQuest Dissertations, and Google scholar, during the period 2009 to 2014.
Results: Three articles and a Master’s thesis, examining the impact of implementing Occupational Performance Coaching by occupational therapists on clients with various conditions, were identified. Because of the small number of studies in this area, regardless of the methodology, based on the inclusion criteria, all the four interventional studies were selected. The remaining articles were used to support the findings.
Conclusion: Occupational performance Coaching is according to the core of occupational therapy and since it a family-centered method, it is an appropriate intervention for parents. However, due to the shortcoming of the existing studies, more studies should be conducted with stronger methodologies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Coaching
  • Occupational Performance Coaching
  • occupational therapy
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