تاثیر فاصله استراحتی بین دوره های فعالیت مقاومتی شدید بر نشانگران فشار اکسایشی در مردان جوان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد سنندج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سنندج. ایران

2 دانشیار گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد مهاباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مهاباد. ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
فعالیت مقاومتی از طریق افزایش تولید رادیکال­های آزاد باعث آسیب فشار اکسایشی می­شود و بر سیستم دفاع آنتی اکسیدانی تاثیر می­گذارد. هدف از مطالعه حاضر بررسی تاثیر فاصله استراحتی بین دوره­ها طی فعالیت مقاومتی بر آنزیم سوپر اکسید دسموتاز، ظرفیت آنتی­اکسیدان پلاسما و مالون دی آلدئید بود.
مواد و روش­ها
20 آزمودنی مرد داوطلب به­طور تصادفی در دو گروه فاصله استراحتی 90 ثانیه (10 n=) و فاصله استراحتی استراحتی 180 ثانیه (10 n=) بین دوره­های فعالیت مقاومتی قرار داده شدند. فعالیت مقاومتی در هر دو گروه با شش تکرار بیشینه در چهار دوره انجام شد. نمونه­گیری خون از ورید پیش آرنجی قبل از فعالیت، بلافاصله بعد از فعالیت، شش، 24 و 48 ساعت متعاقب آن انجام شد و مقادیر مالون دی آلدئید، ظرفیت آنتی­اکسیدان تام پلاسما و آنزیم سوپر­اکسید­دسموتاز اندازه­گیری شد.
یافته­ها
نتایج نشان داد هر دو فعالیت مقاومتی با فاصله استراحتی 90 ثانیه (0030/0p=) و نیز 180 ثانیه (036/0p=) به­طور معناداری باعث تغییر پاسخ مالون دی آلدئید شد. مالون دی آلدئید به­طور معناداری بعد از شش ساعت از فعالیت در هر دو گروه افزایش یافت. همچنین ظرفیت آنتی اکسیدان تام پلاسما (0001/0p=) و آنزیم سوپر­اکسید­دسموتاز (0001/0p=) شش ساعت بعد از فعالیت به­طور معناداری افزایش پیدا کرد. با این وجود، بین دو گروه در متغیرهای ظرفیت آنتی­اکسیدان تام پلاسما، مالون دی آلدئید و آنزیم سوپر­اکسید­دسموتاز تفاوت معناداری مشاهده نشد (05/0p>).
نتیجه­ گیری
می­توان گفت که فاصله استراحتی بین دوره­ها فعالیت مقاومتی تاثیری بر فشار اکسیداتیو و ظرفیت آنتی­اکسیدان پلاسمایی ندارد. بنابراین مربیان نباید در مورد تاثیر فاصله استراحتی بین دوره­ها بر آسیب سلولی هنگام طراحی برنامه­های تمرینات مقاومتی نگران باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Rest Interval between Sets of Resistive Resistance Exercise on Indices of Oxidative Stress in Young Males

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kamal Azizbeigi 1
  • Sirvan Atashak 2
1 Physical Education Department, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran
2 Physical Education Department, Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Resistance Exercise (RE) induces oxidative stress damage by increasing the generation of free radicals and influences the antioxidant defense system. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of rest intervals between sets of resistance exercise on Superoxide Dismutase (SOD), Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC), and Malondiadehyde (MDA).
Materials and Methods: A total of 20 male volunteers were randomly assigned to RE using either 90 s (n=10) or 180 s (n=10) of rest between sets. Resistance exercise in both groups was performed at a load of six repetitions maximum (6 RM) in four sets. Blood samples were collected from an antecubital vein pre exercise, immediately post exercise, 6, 24, and 48 hours post exercise and analyzed for MDA concentration, TAC, and SOD activity.
Results: The results indicated that both SR and LR caused significant changes in the MDA response (P=0.003) and )P=0.036( in SR and LR, respectively, with MDA significantly increasing 6 hours post resistance exercise in the two groups. Also, SOD (p=0.0001) activity and TAC (P=0.0001) significantly increased at 6 h post exercise in both groups. However, there was no significant difference between corresponding MDA, TAC, and SOD values between the two groups (P>0.05).
Conclusion: It can been concluded that rest interval between sets of resistance exercise does not affect oxidative stress and antioxidant capacity. Therefore, coaches should not be worried about the effect of rest interval between sets on cell damage when designing resistance training programs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Resistance exercise
  • Oxidative stress
  • MDA
  • Antioxidant
  1. Bloomer RJ, Goldfarb AH, Wideman L, McKenzie MJ, Consitt LA. Effects of acute aerobic and anaerobic exercise on blood ##markers of oxidative stress. J Strength Cond Res. 2005; 19: 276-85.
  2. Belviranl M, Gökbel H. Acute Exercise Induced Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Changes. Eur J Gen Med. 2006; 3(3): 126-131.##
  3. Maxwell SRJ, Lip GYH. Free radicals and antioxidants in cardiovascular disease. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1997; 44: 307–317.##
  4. Halliwell B. Free radicals and antioxidants: a personal view. Nutr Rev. 1994; 52:253-265.##
  5. Powers S, Jackson MJ. Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress: Cellular Mechanisms and Impact on Muscle Force Production. Physiol Rev. 2008; 88(4): 1243–1276.##
  6. Vincent HK, Morgan JW, Vincent KR. Obesity exacerbates oxidative stress levels after acute exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004; 36(5):772-9.##
  7. Ji LL. Free radicals and exercise: Implication in health and fitness. J Exerc Sci Fit. 2003; 1(1):15-22.##
8.Atalay M, Marnila P, Lilius EM, Hanninen O, and Sen KC. Glutathione- dependent modulation of exhausting exercise- induced in neutrophil function of rats. Eur J Appl Physiol. 1996; 4:342-347.##

9. Fleck SJ & Kraemer WJ. Designing resistance training programs. (3nd ed). Human Kinetics Champaign. 2004. 58-60.##

10. Hill-Haas S, Bishop D, Dawson B, Goodman C and Edge J. Effects of rest interval during high-repetition resistance training on strength, aerobic fitness, and repeated-sprint ability. J sport sci. 2007; 25, 619-628.##

11. Bottaro M, Martins B, Gentil P, and Wagner D. Effects of rest duration between sets of resistance training on acute hormonal responses in trained women. J Sci Med Sport. 2009; 12: 73-78.##

12. Mayhew DL, Thyfault JP, & Koch AJ. Rest-interval length affects leukocyte levels during heavy resistance exercise. J Strength Cond Res, 2005; 19, 16-22.##

13. Rodrigues BM, Dantas E, De Salles BF, Miranda H, Koch AJ, Willardson JM, Simão R. Creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase responses after upper-body resistance exercise with different rest intervals.  J Strength Cond Res. 2010; 24(6):1657-62.##

14. American College of Sports Medicine. ACSM’s health and fitness certification review. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2001; .pp. 174-178.##

  1. 15.  Jackson AS, and Pollock. Practical assessment of body composition. Phy sport med. 1985; 13:76-90.##
16. Simão R, Farinati PTV, Polito MD, Maior AS, Fleck SJ. Influence of exercise order on the number of repetitions performed and perceived exertion during resistive exercises. J Strength Cond Res. 2005; 19, 152-156.##

17. Mc Cord JM, Fridovich I. Superoxide Dismutase an enzyme function for  erythrocuperin ( hemocuperin). J Biol Chem.1969; 244:6049-55.##

18. Miller NJ, Rice-Evans C, Davies MJ, Gopinathan V, and Miller A. A novel method for measuring antioxidant capacity and its application to monitoring the antioxidant status in premature neonates. Clin Sci . 1993; 84,407-412.##

19. Buege JA, and Aust SD. Microsomal lipid peroxidation. Methods Enzymol. 1978; 52:302-310.##

20. Ghiselli A, Serafini M, Natella F, and Scaccini C. Total antioxidant capacity as a tool to assess redox status: critical view and experimental data. Free Radic Biol Med. 2000; 29:1106-1114.##

21. Ramel A, Wagner KH, Elmadfa I. Plasma antioxidants and lipid oxidation after submaximal resistance exercise in men. Eur J Nutr. 2004; 43(1):2-6.##

22. Hudson MB, Hosick PA, McCaulley GO, Schrieber L, Wrieden J, McAnulty SR, Triplett NT, McBride JM, Quindry JC. The effect of resistance exercise on humoral markers of oxidative stress. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008; 40(3):542-8.##

23. Güzel NA, Hazar S & Erbas D. Effects of different resistance exercise protocols on nitric oxide, lipid peroxidation and creatine kinase activity in sedentary males. J Sports Sci Med. 2007; 417-422.##

24. Mc Bride JM. Free radical, exercise, and antioxidant. J Strength Cond Res. 1999; 175-183.##

25. Lovlin R ,Cottle W, Pyke I, Kavanagh M, & Belcastro AN. Are indices of free radical damage related to exercise intensity. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1987; 56(3), 313-6.##

26. Dixon CB, Robertson RJ, Goss FL, Timmer JM, Nagle EF, and Evans RW. The effect of acute resistance exercise on serum malondialdehyde in resistance–trained and untrained men. J Strength Cond Res. 2006; 20(3), 693-698.##

27. Waterfall AH, Singh G, Fry JR, and Marsden CA. Acute acidosis elevated malonaldehyde in rat brain in vivo. Brain Res. 712(1):102–106. 1996.##

28. Sahlin K, Cizinsky S, Warholm M, & HobergJ. Repetitive static muscle contractions in humans-a trigger of metabolic and oxidative stress? Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 1992; 64, 228-236.##

29. Haffman JR, Im J, kang J, Maresh CM, Kraemer WM, et al. Comparison of low and high intensity resistance exercise on lipid peroxidation: Role of muscle oxygenation. J Strength Cond Res, 2007; 2(1), 118-122.##

30. Song Yong Park BS. Marker of oxidative stress and antioxidant capacity at rest and following exercise in endurance trained, resistance trained, and untrained individuals. A thesis in Health, exercise and sport science. Texas Tech University.2010; 25-27.##

31. Machado M, Koch AJ, Willardson JM, Pereira LS, Cardoso MI, Motta MK, Pereira R, Monteiro AN. Effect of varying rest intervals between sets of assistance exercises on creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase responses.  J Strength Cond Res. 2011; 25(5):1339-45.##