بررسی ارتباط میان عملکرد مجموعه کمری لگنی با تعادل ایستا و پویا در کودکان طیف اوتیسم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد حرکات اصلاحی و آسیب شناسی ورزشی دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی گیلان، رشت، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
کودکان اوتیسم به­دلیل عدم فعالیت و درخودمانده بودن مستعد اختلالات حرکتی، ضعف در آمادگی جسمانی، تعادل و ثبات بدنی می­باشند. امروزه به نقش عضلات کمر و لگن به­عنوان بخشی از ثبات­مرکزی در توانبخشی توجه شده، چرا که طبق زنجیره حرکتی بسته، به­صورت عملکردی کنترل­کننده حرکت اندام­های تحتانی می­باشند. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی ارتباط عملکرد مجموعهکمری­لگنی با تعادل ایستا و پویا در کودکانطیف اوتیسم می­باشد.
مواد و روش­ها
نمونه آماری شامل 32 پسر 10-6 ساله مبتلا به اختلال طیف اوتیسم بوده و به­صورت نمونه­گیری در دسترس انتخاب و برحسب شاخص تشخیصی گیلیام گارز نرمال شدند. برای ارزیابی تعادل ایستا و پویا و عملکرد مجموعه کمری­لگنی به ترتیب از آزمون­های اصلاح شده لک­لک، راه رفتن پاشنه به پنجه و استپ­داون استفاده شد.
یافته­ها
آزمون همبستگی پی­ارسون نشان داد که میان عملکرد مجموعه کمری­لگنی با تعادل ایستا در پای برتر و غیربرتر و تعادل پویا ارتباط معناداری وجود دارد.
نتیجه­گیری
با توجه به نتایج حاضر، می­توان بهبود عملکرد کمری­لگنیرا به­عنوان جزء مهمی از ثبات مرکزی در توسعه تعادل ایستا و پویا و نیز برنامه­های بازتوانی کودکان طیف اوتیسم پیشنهاد نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between Lumbar-Pelvic Function and Static and Dynamic Balance in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sarvin Salar 1
  • Hassan Daneshmandi 2
1 MSc in Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Autism children are susceptible to movement disorders, weakness of physical fitness, decrease of balance, and stability beause of inactive life style and weakness. Recently, the role of the muscles of the back and pelvis, as part of the core stability, is being considered, because these muscles control motion of the lower limbs based on closed kinematic chain. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between lumbar-pelvic function and static and dynamic balance in children with autism spectrum disorders.
Materials and Methods: Participants included 32 boys aged 6-10 years selected according to available sampling and normalized based on Gylyam Garz Diagnostic criteria. For evaluating static and dynamic balance and lumbar-pelvic function, modified stork, walking heel to toe, and step down tests were used, respectively.
Results: The Pearson correlation revealed a significant correlation between the lumbar-pelvic function and static and dynamic balance.
Conclusion: According to the results, it can be suggested that lumbar pelvic function be improved as an important part of core stability, and static and dynamic balance and rehabilitation programs be developed to better help children with autism spectrum disorder.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Step Down test
  • Static balance
  • dynamic Balance
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • lumbar-pelvic function
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