مقایسه تاثیر آموزش گروهی و آموزش انفرادی هندلینگ بر کیفیت زندگی مادران کودکان 1 تا 6 ساله مبتلا به فلج مغزی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه آموزشی کاردرمانی، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، مرکز تحقیقات توانبخشی اعصاب اطفال، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه آموزشی کاردرمانی، دانشکده توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

4 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه آموزشی کاردرمانی، دانشکده توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

5 استادیار، گروه آموزشی آمار، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
ناتوانی کودک در درون خانواده ایجاد می­شود و آثار نامطلوبی بر کارکرد خانواده و کیفیت زندگی آنها بر جا می­گذارد، بنابراین پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه تاثیر آموزش گروهی و آموزش انفرادی هندلینگ بر کیفیت زندگی مادران کودکان فلج مغزی انجام گردید.
مواد و روش­ها
در مطالعه حاضر کارآزمایی بالینی تصادفی و یک سو کور، 50 نفر از مادران کودکان فلج مغزی شهر اصفهان انتخاب شدند و به­صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آموزش انفرادی و گروهی قرار گرفتند. ابزارهای جمع­آوری اطلاعات شامل پرسش­نامه کیفیت زندگی 36-SF، پرسش­نامه سنجش افسردگی، اضطراب و استرس، پرسش­نامه سنجش آگاهی از مراقبت­های ویژه صحیح کودکان فلج مغزی، سیستم طبقه­بندی اسپارکل، سیستم طبقه­بندی عملکرد حرکتی درشت و پرسش­نامه اطلاعات دموگرافیک بود. داده­ها قبل و سه ماه بعد از مداخله جمع­آوری و توسط نرم­افزار SPSS نسخه 21 مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته ­ها
آنالیز کوواریانس نشان داد که در نمره کیفیت زندگی و سایر خرده­مقیاس­ها به­جز سلامت هیجانی و سلامت عمومی، بین دو گروه آموزش انفرادی و گروهی اختلاف معنادار آماری وجود ندارد (05/0<P).
نتیجه­ گیری
تاثیر آموزش گروهی و انفرادی مراقبت­های ویژه بر کیفیت زندگی کلی مادران کودکان فلج مغزی به یک اندازه است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Group-based Handling Training and Individualized Handling Training on the Quality of Life in Mothers of 1-6-Year-Old Children with Cerebral Palsy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Fakharynia 1
  • Mehdi Rassafiani 2
  • Hossein Sourtiji 3
  • Nasrin Jalili 4
  • Enayatolah Bakhshi 5
1 Department of Occupational Therapy, The University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, The University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 PhD Student, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, University of Medical sciences of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
4 Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, University of Medical sciences of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
5 Department of Statistics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Children's disability creates undesirable effects on family function and the quality of life. The present study was carried out in order to compare effectiveness of group-based handling training and individualized handling training on the quality of life in mothers of children with cerebral palsy.
Methods: In a randomized controlled trial and single blinded study, 50 mothers of children with cerebral palsy were selected and were randomly divided into individualized handling training and group-based handling training. Data collection tools included SF-36 quality of life, depression, anxiety and stress scale (DASS-21), and knowledge of special care of children with cerebral palsy questionnaire. Data was collected prior to and after three months of intervention. Statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS, version 21.
Results: Covariance analysis showed that there was not a significant difference in the quality of life and other dimensions except in general health and emotional health after intervention (P > 0.05).
Conclusion: According to the findings, effectiveness of group-based handling training and individualized handling training on the general quality of life in mothers of children with cerebral palsy are similar.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Quality of life
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Handling training
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