بررسی اثرات یک برنامه تمرینی طناب زنی بر تعادل پسران کم توان ذهنی آموزش پذیر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه بیرجند. بیرجند. ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد بیومکانیک ورزشی دانشگاه آزاد واحد بروجرد. بروجرد. ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد حرکات اصلاحی و آسیب شناسی ورزشی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد. مشهد. ایران

10.22037/jrm.2016.1100316

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
تعادل در افراد کم توان ذهنی به دلیل ضعف در اجرای وظایف تعادلی از اهمیت بسیار بالایی برخوردار است. به این منظور هدف پژوهش حاضر ارزیابی اثر بخشی 8 هفته تمرینات طناب زنی بر تعادل ایستا و پویای پسران دانش آموز کم توان ذهنی آموزش پذیر می­باشد.
مواد و روش ها
پژوهش از نوع کاربردی و نیمه تجربی می باشد. نمونه آماری شامل 20 نفر دانش آموز پسر عقب مانده ذهنی بود که بصورت تصادفی و مساوی در دو گروه تجربی قرار گرفتند. قبل و بعد از تمرینات طناب زنی تعادل ایستا و پویا به ترتیب به وسیله تست لک لک و تست تعدیل شده ستاره(Y) مورد سنجش قرار گرفتند. آزمودنی های گروه تجربی تمرینات طناب زنی را به مدت 8 هفته و هر هفته سه جلسه 45 دقیقه انجام دادند و گروه کنترل در این مدت تمرینی انجام ندادند. داده ها با استفاده از آزمون های تی مستقل و همبسته در سطح معنی­داری (05/0> P) تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته ها
بر اساس یافته های پژوهش اختلاف معناداری در تعادل ایستا (019/ P=) و پویا در سطوح قدامی (03/0P=)، خلفی-داخلی (008/0P=)، خلفی-خارجی (017/ P=) در گروه تجربی نسبت به گروه کنترل پس از تمرینات وجود دارد.
بحث و نتیجه گیری
تمرینات طناب زنی استفاده شده در این تحقیق باعث بهبود در تعادل ایستا و پویا در دانش آموزان عقب مانده ذهنی سنین بین 11 تا 17 سال گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of a Training program of Rope Skipping on the Balance of Educable Mentally Retarded Boys

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saied Ilbeigi 1
  • Mahdi Mahjur 2
  • Mahin Khirkhah 3
  • Jafar Khoshbakhti 1
1 Assistant Professor, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Birjand. Iran
2 MSc in Exercise Pathology and Corrective Movement, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
3 MSc in Sports Biomechanics Azad University of Boroujerd, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Balance in in individuals with intellectual disability is very important due to weakness in the balance of implementing tasks. The present study aimed at evaluating the effects of 8 weeks of rope‐jump on static and dynamic balance in male students with intellectual disability.
Materials and Methods: In the present applied and quasi experimental study, the sample consisted of 20 male students, aged between 11-17, with intellectual disability randomly divided in to two groups. Prior to and after rope‐jump training, static and dynamic balance values were measured using stork and modified star tests (Y). The experimental group did rope‐jump training for eight weeks, three sessions per week, each session lasting for 45 minutes, while the control group did not do the trainings. Data was analyzed using independent and paired t-test. Statistical significance was set at p≤0.05.
Results: According to the results, significant differences were observed in the Balance (p= 0/019) and dynamic anterior surface (p= 0/03), posterior-interior (p=0/008), and posterior-external (p=0/017) in the experimental group compared to those in the control group.
Conclusion: Rope‐jump training used in the present study improved the static and dynamic balance in male students with intellectual disability.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Intellectual disability
  • Static balance
  • dynamic Balance
  • Rope ‐Jump Training
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