مروری بر عملکرد سیستم دهلیزی افراد مبتلا به آسیب شنوایی و تأثیر ورزش حرفه‌ای بر آن

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 دفتر تحقیقات و فن آوری دانشجویی، دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد شنوایی‌شناسی، گروه شنوایی‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 مربی، گروه شنوایی شناسی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
در کم‌شنوایی حسی-عصبی آسیب تنها منحصر به بخش حلزونی نیست، بلکه معمولاً بخش دهلیزی نیز درگیر است. نتایج مطالعات متعدد، نشان داده است که کودکان ناشنوا در مقایسه با همتایان طبیعی، در توانایی‌های تعادلی مشکل‌دارند. کودکان ناشنوا عدم ثبات بیشتری در کنترل پوسچر خود نشان می‌دهند. بررسی‌های دیگر تاکید می‌کنند که فعالیت‌های ورزشی در سیستم‌های موثر در حفظ تعادل تاثیر داشته و تا حدودی تعادل بهتری را برای مبتلایان به آسیب شنوایی ایجاد می‌کند. سیستم دهلیزی یکی از سه سیستم مؤثر در حفظ تعادل است؛ بنابراین بررسی آن در کنترل پوسچر و تأثیر ورزش در رشد این سیستم امری ضروری به نظر می‌رسد. در مقاله حاضر مروری وضعیت تعادلی در افراد ناشنوا و تأثیرات ورزش در رشد سیستم دهلیزی این افراد مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته است.
مواد و روش‌ها                                                                                         
به منظور بررسی مروری عملکرد سیستم دهلیزی در افراد مبتلا به آسیب شنوایی و تاثیر ورزش حرفه­ای بر آن،کلیه مقالات موجود دراین زمینه از سال 1932 تا 2015 میلادی در پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی Science Direct، PubMed، Google Scholar، Elsevier، ovid، proquest، scopus، springer مورد بازنگری قرار گرفتند.
یافته‌ها
افزون بر 300 مقاله با موضوعات مرتبط با کنترل پوسچر در افراد مبتلا به آسیب شنوایی و تأثیر فعالیت­های ورزشی بر سیستم‌های حسی و پتانسیل‌های برانگیخته دهلیزی در پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی مذکور قابل دستیابی بود. در نهایت از 39 مقاله به صورت کامل و 7 مقاله به صورت خلاصه پژوهشی، برای نگارش مقاله حاضر استفاده شد.
نتیجه‌گیری
ورزش به دلیل تاثیر در رشد سیستم دهلیزی می‌تواند به عنوان یک مداخله درمانی قوی برای کودکان با اختلالات عملکردی در سیستم دهلیزی درنظرگرفته شود و انجام فعالیت‌های ورزشی در این افراد توصیه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Review of the Vestibular System Function of People with Hearing Impairment and the Impact of Professional Sport

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasim Kaka 1
  • Homa Zarrinkoob 2
1 Student Research Committee, MSc Student of Audiology, Department of Audiology, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Lecturer of Audiology, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim:In sensory neural hearing loss, the damage is not limited to the cochlear part and the vestibular part is also involved. The results of sevral studies have shown that difficulty in balance abilities is more in deaf children than in their normal hearing peers. Also, deaf children have shown weaker stability in their postural control. In addition, several studies have emphasized that exercise is effective on keeping balance and partly to create a better balance for people with hearing impairment. Vestibular system is one of the three systems involved in keeping balance. Therefore, evaluating its contribution to postural control and balance and the effects of exercise on the growth of this system is essential. In the present review article, the balance state of deaf people and the impact of sports on the growth of their vestibular system are studied.
Materials and Methods: To review the vestibular system function of the people with hearing impairment and the effects of professional sport on it, all articles in this field, published from 1932 to 2015 were surveyed in ScienceDirect, PubMed, Google Scholar, Elsevier, Ovid, Proquest, Scopus, and Springer databases.
Results: More than 300 articles on topics related to postural control in people with hearing impairment and effects of physical activity on sensory systems and vestibular evoked potentials were available in these databases. Finally, we used 39 articles which were fully-researched papers and 7 abstracts.
Conclusion:Sports, due to their impact on the growth of vestibular system, can be considered a powerful therapeutic intervention for children with functional disorders of the vestibular system. Thus, sport activities are recommended for these people.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cervical vestibular evoked potential
  • ocular vestibular evoked potential
  • postural control in deaf
  • deaf sport
  • balance performance
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