تاثیر تمرینات تعادلی بر حس عمقی مفاصل اندام تحتانی (مقاله مروری)

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 کمیته پژوهشی دانشجویان. کارشناس فیزیوتراپی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه فیزیوتراپی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
با توجه به اهمیت حس عمقی در پیشگیری از آسیب های مفصلی و همچنین نیاز به بهبودی و افزایش دقت آن پس از ایجاد آسیب های مفصلی در جهت جلوگیری از بروز بیماریهای متعاقب این آسیب ها در مفاصل اندام تحتانی، هدف از تحقیق حاضر، مروری بر تاثیر روش های مختلف تمرین درمانی در کاهش خطای شاخص های حس عمقی می باشد.
مواد و روش ها
جستجوی مطالعات انجام شده در فاصله زمانی 1990 تا 2015 در منابع اطلاعاتیGoogle Scholar, Science Direct, Cochrane, SID, PubMed, Pedro انجام شد.
کلیدواژه های Balance Training, Postural Control, Single Leg Stance, Tilt Board, Stability, Instability اندام تحتانی و تمرینات تعادلی در ترکیب با کلیدواژه های حس عمقی Proprioception, Sense of Position, Sense of Force, Kinesthesia مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. مطالعات غیرمرتبط و مطالعاتی که شاخص هایی غیر از حس عمقی را بررسی کرده بود، حذف شد.
نتیجه گیری
در کل 9 مقاله که دارای معیارهای ورود بود، بررسی شد. بنابر جستجوی انجام شده به نظر می رسد تمرینات تعادلی ممکن است بتواند باعث افطایش دقت حس عمقی (حداقل در افراد غیرورزشکار) شود، اما اولا مطالعات از نظر تعداد کافی نبود و ثانیا مطالعات باید در گروه های جداگانه (افراد ورزشکار، غیرورزشکار و دچار آسیب مفصلی) بررسی شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Balance Exercises on Lower Limb Joint Proprioception: Systematic Review

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maral Esmailnia 1
  • Minoo Khalkhali Zavieh 2
  • Sedighe Sadat Naeimi 2
1 Student Research Committee, MSc Student of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Bearing in the mind the importance of proprioception in preventing joints injury and the role of improving proprioception after joints injuries, the aim of the present study was to review the effects of different exercise methods on decreasing proprioception indexes error.
Materials and Methods: A literature search for the period between 1990-2015 was performed in the databases of GoogleScholar, ScienceDirect, Pedro, PubMed, Cochrane, and SID. Postural control, tilt board, BAPS board, stability, instability, postural sway, single leg stance, and lower limb were used as keywords in combination with proprioception, sense of position, sense of force, and kinesthesia. Irrelevant studies and studies which evaluated other indexes, instead of proprioception, were ignored.
Conclusion: Nine articles were selected according to the inclusion criteria. The present review showed that balance training in some cases may have positive effects on proprioception accuracy, at least on non-athletic people. But the number of studies was not sufficient and also it is necessary to evaluate the effect of training in different individual categories, such as healthy, athletes, and those with joint injury.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Proprioception
  • Balance exercises
  • Lower Limb
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