نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی کودک و نوجوان، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران
2 دانشیار علوم اعصاب شناختی، گروه علوم شناختی، پژوهشکده علوم شناختی و مغز، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder. Executive functions defect is considered as a general feature of the disorder. The aim of the present study was to examine the effectiveness of motor based cognitive rehabilitation on the improvement of sustained attention and cognitive flexibility in children with ADHD.
Materials and Methods: The present study followed a quasi-experimental randomized clinical trial design (pretest-posttest with control group). A total of 30 children aged 7 to 12 referring to the clinics in Tehran were diagnosed by a psychiatrist with ADHD. Participants were selected using convenience sampling and then randomly divided into control and experimental groups. Sustained attention and cognitive flexibility were evaluated using recording attention tests and tracking A and B. Data were analyzed running independent t-test and mixed ANOVA in SPSS, version 20.
Results: The results of the study showed that sustained attention (P<0/01) and cognitive flexibility (P<0/01) of the experimental group improved after the intervention, meaning that in the pretest, little difference was observed between the control and experimental groups in sustained attention and cognitive flexibility, but in post-test, scores of experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group.
Conclusions: The results of the statistical analysis showed that with regard to the control group, gesture-based cognitive rehabilitation therapy improved sustained attention and cognitive flexibility in children with ADHD.