بررسی تاثیر نقاشی درمانی در کاهش پرخاشگری کودکی با تشخیص میلو مننگوسل: گزارش موردی

نوع مقاله: گزارش مورد

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه پیام نور واحد تهران جنوب، تهران ، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی کاردرمانی، گروه کاردرمانی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
میلو مننگوسل یک ناهنجاری مادرزادی سیستم اعصاب مرکزی می­باشد. کودکان با این اختلال علاوه بر داشتن مشکلات حرکتی، اغلب از مشکلات رفتاری-هیجانی نیز رنج می­برند که در این بین، پرخاشگری می­تواند با توجه به تاثیرگذاری در تمامی حیطه­های زندگی فرد نظیر تحصیل، تعامل با همسالان از سایر اختلالات رفتاری هیجانی مهمتر باشد. بنابراین مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی تاثیر نقاشی­درمانی در کاهش پرخاشگری کودکی با تشخیص میلومننگوسل انجام شده است.
معرفی بیمار
مطالعه حاضر یک مطالعه گزارش موردی می­باشد که به بررسی 12 جلسه نقاشی­درمانی به روش دستورالعمل در کاهش پرخاشگری کودکی 10 ساله با تشخیص میلومننگوسل پرداخته است. در مطالعه حاضر از دو پرسش­نامه باس و پری و پرسش­نامه پرخاشگری کودکان 11-7 ساله (فرم معلمان) استفاده شد که قبل از انجام نقاشی­درمانی و نیز پس از 12 جلسه نقاشی­درمانی توسط معلم کودک تکمیل شد.
یافته ­ها
تغییر نمرات به ­دست­آمده از هر دو پرسش­نامه باس و پری و پرسش­نامه پرخاشگری کودکان 11-7 ساله (فرم معلمان) نشان داد که نقاشی ­درمانی در کاهش پرخاشگری این کودک موثر بوده است.
نقاشی ­درمانی می­تواند به عنوان روش مناسبی در کاهش پرخاشگری کودکان با اختلالات متعدد کاربردپذیر باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Painting Therapy on Reducing the Aggression of a Child with Myelomeningocele: A Case Study

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masomeh Amini 1
  • Marzieh Pashmdarfard 2
1 MSc of Clinical Psychology, Zanjan, Iran.
2 PhD student of Occupational Therapy, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Myelomeningocele is a congenital central nervous system abnormality. Myelomeningocele children suffer from different aspects of the problem, including difficulty in mobility and behavioral disorders, especially aggression, but most of the time the behavioral disorders of these children are ignored.The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of painting therapy on reducing the aggression of a child with Myelomeningocele.
Case Report: The current case report was conducted to assess the effect of 12 session of structured painting therapy on reducing the aggression of a 10-year-old Myelomeningocele child. In the present study, two questionnaires, The Aggression Questionnaire – AQ (Buss and Perry) and Children Aged 11-7 Year-Old Aggression Questionnaire, were used.
Result: The scores obtained showed that this child''s aggression reduced and painting therapy had good effects on reducing the aggression. The painting therapy can be used as an effective method for reducing the aggression of children with disability.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Painting therapy
  • Myelomeningocele
  • Aggression
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