اثر تمرینات تعادلی در بهبود کیفیت زندگی و درد زنان یائسه مبتلا به استئوپنی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کمیته پژوهشی دانشجویی، دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد کاردرمانی، گروه کاردرمانی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد کاردرمانی، گروه کاردرمانی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

3 استاد آمار زیستی، گروه علوم پایه، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
پوکی استخوان شایع­ترین بیماری متابولیک استخوان است که با کاهش تراکم معدنی و کیفیت ساختار استخوان یک عامل مهم بیماری­زا در زنان شناخته می­شود. در ایران بیش از 70% زنان و 50% مردان بالای 50 سال به استئوپروز یا استئوپنی مبتلا هستند. رایج­ترین بیماری­های مرتبط با پوکی استخوان، درد، محدودیت­های حرکتی، کاهش عملکرد و آسیب­های روان­شناسی، بیماری­های مزمن ثانویه به دنبال شکستگی است که باعث کاهش کیفیت زندگی می­شود. در مطالعه حاضر اثر تمرینات تعادلی بر میزان درد و کیفیت زندگی زنان یائسه مبتلا به استئوپنی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت.
 مواد و روش ها
در این کارآزمایی بالینی دو سویه کور، 48 بیمار زن یائسه 48-65 ساله مبتلا به استئوپنی (-1 یافته ها
درمان رایج به همراه تمرینات تعادلی نسبت به درمان رایج به تنهایی به طور معناداری سبب بهبودی بیشتر کیفیت زندگی و کاهش درد در اندام فوقانی و تحتانی و ستون فقرات بیماران مبتلا به استئوپنی می­گردد (01/0>P).
 نتیجه گیری
استفاده از تمرینات تعادلی به همراه درمان­های رایج پیاده­روی و دارودرمانی در زنان یائسه مبتلا به استئوپنی، به طور چشمگیری باعث بهبودی کیفیت زندگی و کاهش درد می­گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of a Balance Training Program on Pain and Quality of Life in Postmenopausal Osteopenic Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sara Rabiee 1
  • Ali Asghar Jamebozorgi 2
  • Zahra Shafiee 2
  • Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban 3
1 Student Research Committee, MSc of Occupational Therapy, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 MSc of Occupational Therapy, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Basic Sciences, School of Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Osteoporosis (OP) is the most common metabolic bone disease described by loss of bone mass and micro architectural deterioration of bone tissue, which causes serious problems for women. In Iran, more than 70% of women and 50% of men over age 50 are osteopenic. The most common conditions associated with OP are pain, mobility restrictions, functional reduction, psychological consequences, and secondary chronic disorders due to fracture which lead to reduced quality of life.The purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of balance exercise program on pain and quality of life in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis.
Materials and Methods: In the present randomized, double- blind trial, a total of 48 postmenopausal osteopenic women, aged 48-65 years (-1Results: A significant improvement was noted in the quality of life at the end of the exercise program in the balance exercise group. Pain significantly decreased in spine, upper, and lower extremities in the balance exercise group compared with those of the control group (P< 0.01).
Conclusion: Using common treatment of osteoporosis plus balance exercises improve the quality of life and decreases pain in women with postmenopausal osteopenia.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Osteopenia
  • Quality of life
  • Pain
  • Balance Training
  • Post Menopoausal Women
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