مقایسه نتایج آزمون یادگیری شنیداری-کلامی ری (نسخه فارسی) در زنان و مردان پیش از سالمندی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی. گروه شنوایی شناسی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران

2 دفتر تحقیقات و فن آوری دانشجویان. کارشناسی ارشد شنوایی شناسی ، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

3 عضو هیئت علمی و استاد گروه علوم پایه، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
حافظه شنیداری–کلامی، توانایی دریافت تحریکات کلامی، پردازش و ذخیره آن­ها و در نهایت یادآوری موضوعات شنیده شده است و بدون آن زبان معنی و مفهومی نخواهد داشت. یکی از روش­های رایج برای بررسی حافظه شنیداری-کلامی، استفاده از آزمون­های رفتاری عصب روان­شناختی است، به این منظور تاکنون آزمون­های بسیاری معرفی شده­اند که آزمون یادگیری شنیداری-کلامی ری یکی از پرکاربردترین آن­ها است. مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی تاثیر جنسیت بر نتایج نسخه فارسی آزمون انجام شده است.
مواد و روش ها
در بررسی حاضر 120 نفر (60 زن و 60 مرد) در دو دهه سنی چهارم و ششم با استفاده نسخه فارسی آزمون یادگیری شنیداری-کلامی ری مورد بررسی قرار گرفته­اند.
یافته ­ها
تفاوت معنادار امتیاز زنان نسبت به مردان در مراحل یادآوری کلی 045/0P=  ، با مداخله (007/0P= ) و با تاخیر (002/0P=) مشاهده شده است.
نتیجه­ گیری
امتیاز زنان در همه مراحل مورد بررسی و در هر دو دهه سنی بالاتر از مردان بوده است که این موضوع علاوه بر تائید برتری زنان در کاربرد حافظه شنیداری-کلامی، لزوم استفاده از داده­های نرمال مجزا در دو جنس را نشان می­دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test Results (Persian version) in Men and Women before Elderly

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Mohammadzadeh 1
  • Azadeh Borna 2
  • Mojdeh Safavi-Naeini 1
  • Alireza Akbaradeh-Baghban 3
1 Department of Audiology, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Student Research Committee. MSc in Audiology. Department of Audiology, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor of Biostatistics, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and aims: Auditory memory is the ability to receive process, store, and finally recall verbal information. Auditory-Verbal memory plays an important role in human life. One of the common methods to investigate auditory-verbal memory is using the behavioral neuropsychological tests. Therefore, many tests have been introduced. Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test is one of the most common tests in this area. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of gender on the results obtained from the Persian version of the test.
Materials and methods: In the current study, 120 patients (60 female and 60 male) in their fourth and sixth decades were investigated using the Persian version of the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test.
Results: Significantly higher scores were observed in women than in men in the total recall (P = 0.045), with the intervention (P = 0.007), and delayed (P = 0.002) phases.
Conclusion: Higher scores were observed in women comparing the both age groups. The results confirm the superiority of women in the application of auditory-verbal memory and indicate the importance of using separate data for each sex. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Auditory verbal memory
  • Rey Auditory verbal learning test
  • gender
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