اثر تمرین مقاومتی بر سطوح خونی هورمون‌های کورتیزول، تستوسترون و برخی شاخص های آمادگی جسمانی در مردان پاک شده از اعتیاد به مت‌آمفتامین در دوره بازتوانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رشت، رشت، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رشت، رشت، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رشت، رشت، ایران

4 دکترا، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشکده دکتر معین رشت، رشت، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
پژوهش­ها نشان داده که تمرینات ورزشی داری مزایای طبی و رفتاری فراوانی است. هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی اثر یک دوره تمرین مقاومتی بر سطوح خونی هورمون­های کورتیزول، تستوسترون و برخی شاخص­های آمادگی جسمانی در مردان پاک­شده از اعتیاد به مت­آمفتامین در دوره بازتوانی است.
مواد روش ­ها
19 مرد (سن ۴/۵±۸/۲۹ سال) پاک­شده از مت­آمفتامین در دوره بازتوانی به طور تصادفی به دو گروه تمرین مقاومتی (10 نفر) و کنترل (9 نفر) تقسیم شدند. گروه تمرینی تمرینات را سه جلسه در هفته به مدت 8 هفته با شدت 50 تا 80 درصد یک تکرار بیشینه انجام دادند. قبل و پس از دوره تمرین، پس از ۸ ساعت ناشتا خونگیری جهت اندازه­گیری میزان سرمی هورمون­های کورتیزول و تستوسترون به عمل آمد. همچنین میزان قدرت و استقامت عضلانی و شاخص­های ترکیب بدن آزمودنی­ها اندازه­گیری شد. جهت آزمون فرضیه­ها از آزمون کواریانس یک­راهه و آزمون t وابسته استفاده شد و کلیه اطلاعات توسط نرم­افزار آماری SPSS نسخه ۲۰ تجزیه و تحلیل گردید. سطح معناداری 05/0≥α در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته­ ها
نتایج مطالعه حاضر نشان داد که سطح استراحتی کورتیزول در گروه تجربی کاهش معناداری داشت (۰۵/۰=P)، با این وجود در مقایسه بین گروهی این افزایش معنادار نبود. میزان سرمی تستوسترون در گروه تجربی افزایش ناچیزی داشت (05/0). به علاوه ، مقایسه تغییرات سطوح تستوسترون بین دو گروه تفاوت معناداری را نشان نداد (24/0=P). میزان قدرت عضلانی اندام فوقانی و استقامت عضلانی، دور سینه، دور بازو و دور کمر آزمودنی­های گروه تجربی نیز در مقایسه با گروه کنترل افزایش معناداری داشت (01/0=P).
نتیجه­ گیری
به نظر می­رسد یک دوره تمرین مقاومتی به مدت 8 هفته به عنوان یک راهبرد درمانی غیردارویی در دوره ترک اعتیاد ضمن تاثیر کاهشی بر کورتیزول و افزایش نسبی و غیرمعنادار تستوسترون موجب بهبود وضعیت جسمانی افراد معتاد می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Resistance Training on the Level of Cortisol, Testosterone Hormone, and Some Body Composition and Physical Fitness Factors of Males Washed out from Methamphetamine Addiction in Rehabilitation Period

نویسندگان [English]

  • Narjes Pourmirzaei 1
  • Ramin Shabani 2
  • Zahra Hojjati Zidashti 3
  • Fatemeh Izaddoust 1
  • Aliakbar Moayedi 4
1 Master of Arts, Department of Exercise Physiology, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
4 Ph.D, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Dr Moein, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: The previous studies showed that exercise training has been shown to benefit diverse medical and behavioral conditions. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of resistance training on the level of cortisol, testosterone hormone, and some physical fitness factors of males washed out from methamphetamine addiction in rehabilitation period.
Materials and Methods: A total of 19 washed out males (Age 29.8±4.5 yr) from methamphetamine were randomly divided in to two resistance group (n=10) and control group (n=9). The training group performed eight weeks of training at 50-80 percent of one repetition maximum. Before and after the eight weeks of training, blood sample were obtained to measure serum cortisol and testosterone. Also, participants' muscle strength and endurance and body composition were measured. One-way covariance test and dependent t-test were run to analyze the hypothesis. All data were analyzed using statistical software of SPSS, version 20, and a P-value of P≤0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The results showed that the levels of cortisol has a significant decrease in experimental group (p=0.05), while cortisol levels were not found to be significantly different between the two groups (p>0.05). Testosterone was slightly increased in training group but the increase was not found to be significant (p>0.05). Moreover, the results demonstrated that there were no significant differences between experimental and control groups in testosterone levels (P=0.24). The muscle strength of the upper extremity and muscle endurance, and the circumference of the chest, arm, and waist of the experimental group had a significant increase compared with those of the control group, too (P=0.01).
Conclusions: It seems that a period of resistance training for eight weeks can be effective as a non-pharmacological treatment strategy in wash out period related to addiction of previously metamphetamine dependent individuals. Also, it could improve physical and functional status of these persons.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Resistance Training
  • Cortisol
  • Testosterone
  • Methamphetamine
  • Addiction
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