تاثیر یک دوره تمرینات ویبریشن کل بدن و دوره بی‌تمرینی بر برخی از عوامل خطرساز بیماری‌های قلبی- عروقی زنان میانسال غیرفعال

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد سپیدان، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، فارس، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری بیوشیمی و متابولیسم ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شیراز، فارس، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

4 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد مرودشت، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، فارس، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
بیماری­های قلبی- عروقی یکی از علل عمده مرگ و میر در کشورهای توسعه­یافته و در حال توسعه می‌باشد. هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی تاثیر یک دوره تمرین ویبریشن و دوره بی‌تمرینی بر برخی از عوامل خطرساز بیماری­های قلبی-عروقی در زنان میانسال غیرفعال بود.
مواد و روش ­ها
عوامل خطرساز بیماری قلبی-عروقی (قند خون در حالت ناشتا، کلسترول تام، تری­گلیسرید، لیپوپروتئین پرچگال، لیپوپروتئین کم‌چگال، فشار خون سیستولی، دیاستولی، ضربان قلب) قبل، پس از 30 جلسه تمرین ویبریشن و سه ماه بی‌تمرینی در 9 زن میانسال غیرفعال (41/4±55/45 سال) اندازه‌گیری شد.
یافته­ ها
مقدار قند خون ناشتا، کلسترول تام و لیپوپروتئین کم‌چگال در سه زمان (قبل، پس از 30 جلسه تمرین ویبریشن و پس از سه ماه بی‌تمرینی) دارای اختلاف معنا‌دار (05/0≥P) و بیانگر کاهش مقادیر پس از اتمام دوره تمرین نسبت به قبل از شروع دوره تمرینی بود. برخلاف آن مقدار تری­گلیسرید، لیپوپروتئین پرچگال، فشار خون سیستولی، دیاستولی و ضربان قلب در سه زمان دارای اختلاف معنا‌داری نبود (05/0≤P).
نتیجه‌ گیری
در مجموع یافته‌های تحقیق حاضر نشان می‌دهد که پس از انجام یک دوره تمرین ویبریشن کل بدن برخی از عوامل خطرساز بیماری قلبی-عروقی در زنان میانسال غیرفعال کاهش می‌یابد، اما این اثر پس از دوره بی‌تمرینی حفظ نمی‌گردد؛ لذا به نظر می‌رسد بتوان تمرین ویبریشن را برای زنان میانسالی که تمایلی به شرکت در کلاس‌های ورزشی ندارند، جهت کاهش برخی از عوامل خطرساز بیماری قلبی-عروقی در دوره تمرین با این دستگاه توصیه کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Whole Body Vibration Training and Detraining on Selected Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Inactive Middle-Aged Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farzaneh Movaseghi 1
  • Leila Ghodrat 2
  • Elahe Moein 3
  • Rezvan Rezvani Asl 4
1 Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Sepidan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Fars, Iran
2 PhD Student of Sport Biochemistry and Exercise Metabolism, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shiraz University, Fars, Iran
3 MSc in Sport Biomechanics, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Fars, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Cardiovascular diseases are a leading cause of mortality in developed and in developing countries. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of whole body vibration training and detraining on selected cardiovascular risk factors in inactive middle-aged women.
Materials and Methods: Risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (fasting blood sugar, total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate) were measured before, after 30 sessions of vibration training, and three months after training abstinence in nine inactive middle-aged women.
Results: A significant difference was detected in concentration of fasting blood sugar, total cholesterol, and LDL-C (P≤0.05) between three intervals (before, after 30 sessions of vibration training, and after three months of training abstinence) where concentration decreased after training. In contrast, no significant difference was observed in the concentration of triglyceride, HDL-C, systolic, and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate (p≥0.05) between all measured time units.
Conclusion: In summary, following one month of whole body vibration training, there was a significant decrease of some of the cardiovascular diseases risk factors compared with baseline, but the effect did not remain after three-month of abstinence from training. It seems that whole body vibration training may have the potential to be used as an alternative training for middle-aged women who lack the tendency for attend exercise gyms to reduce some cardiovascular risk factors during performing this kind of training.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Whole Body Vibration Training
  • Cardiovascular Risk Factors
  • Inactive Middle-Aged Women
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