تاثیر اعمال ویبریشن کل بدن بر شاخص های آسیب عضلانی متعاقب آزردگی عضلانی با شروع تاخیری: مقاله مروری

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری بیومکانیک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکز، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد کاردرمانی، گروه کاردرمانی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
برای انجام بسیاری از فعالیت­های روزمره زندگی و ورزشی ترکیبی از انقباضات ایزومتریک و کانسنتریک نیاز است. استرس مکانیکی ناشی از انقباضات به خصوص انقباضات اکسنتریک احتمال گرفتگی و آسیب­دیدگی به فیبرهای عضلانی را افزایش می­دهد. بنابراین کاهش کوفتگی عضلانی می­تواند باعث کاهش احتمال آسیب به بافت و بازگشت سریع فرد به فعالیت شود. برای پیشگیری از احتمال آسیب از روش­های مختلفی استفاده می­شود. یکی از این روش­ها استفاده از ویبریشن کل بدن (WholeBodyVibration) است. هدف مطالعه حاضر بررسی تاثیر ویبریشن کل بدن بر شاخص­های آسیب عضلانی است.
مواد و روش ­ها
مطالعه حاضر از نوع مروری ساده و به روش مرور سیستماتیک مبتنی بر شواهدDuffyبود که در آن با جستجوی مقالاتی که از سال 2000 تا 2016 با کلیدواژه­های ویبریشن کل بدن، آسیب عضلانی (Muscle Injury) و آزردگی تاخیری عضلانی (DelayOnsetMuscleSoreness) در بانک­های اطلاعاتی Googlescholar, PubMed, Elsevier, IRANDOC, SID و Research gate منتشر شده بود، بر اساس معیارهای پژوهش حاضر، تعداد 19 مقاله به عنوان مقالات نهایی برای مطالعه حاضر انتخاب شد.
یافته ­ها
مرور مطالعات انجام­شده نشان داد که کوفتگی تاخیری عضلانی باعث ایجاد درد، کاهش قدرت عضلانی و کاهش دامنه حرکتی می­شود و مداخلات بسیاری وجود دارد که باعث کاهش کوفتگی تاخیری می­شود. مطالعات نشان دادند که زمان، فرکانس، ورزشکار بودن و یا نبودن، نوع فعالیت انجام­شده (نوع انقباضات و مدت زمان آنها)، تعداد دفعات اعمال، زمان استراحت بین هر بار اعمال و درمان به صورت مجزا و یا همزمان با درمان­های دیگر از فاکتورهای موثر بر اثربخشی ویبریشن کل بدن بر آسیب­های عضلانی افراد سالم می­باشد.
نتیجه­ گیری
با توجه به تحقیقات انجام­شده در این زمینه می­توان نتیجه گرفت ویبریشن کل بدن با افزایش میزان جریان خون, افزایش دامنه حرکتی, بهبود قدرت و کاهش درد با در نظر گرفتن فاکتورهای موثر می­تواند روش موثری برای کاهش کوفتگی تاخیری باشد. هر چند که تحقیقات بیشتری در این زمینه می­تواند به درک روشن­تری از تاثیر ویبریشن کل بدن روی کاهش کوفتگی تاخیری منجر شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Whole Body Vibration on Parameters of Muscle Damage Following the Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness: A Systematic Review

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farnaz Mohseni 1
  • Amin Ghaffari 2
1 PhD Student of Biomechanic, Faculty of Physical Education, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 MSc Student of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Many kinds of daily living activities and sports require a combination of eccentric and concentric contractions. Mechanical stress caused by the contraction, especially eccentric contraction, can increase congestion and muscle fiber damage. Thus, reducing muscle soreness may decrease the risk of damage to the tissues and help the individual start activities soon. A variety of methods may be used in order to prevent the damage. One of these methods is using the Whole Body Vibration (WBV). The purpose of the present study was evaluateing the effect of WBV on muscle damage indicators.
Materials and methods: Articles published between 2000-2016 in GoogleScholar, PubMed, Elsevier, IRANDOC, SID, and Research gate databases were searched using “Whole Body Vibration”, “Muscle Injury”, and “Delay Onset Muscle Soreness” keywords. A total of 19 articles relevant to the topic were selected and studied according to inclusion criteria. The study was conducted using the evidence-based Duffy method.
Results: According to the literature review, delayed muscle soreness causes pain and decreased muscle strength and range of motion. There are many interventions that reduce delayed muscle soreness. Also, the review of the literature showed that time, frequency, athletic or non-athlete, type of activity performed (type of contractions and their duration), frequency of exercise, rest time between therapy, and WBV individually or concurrently with other treatments are the effective factors demonstrating the effectiveness of WBV on muscle injury indices in healthy persons.
Conclusion: The results of the study demonstrated that WBV increases the blood flow and range of motion, improves strength, reduces pain, and can be an effective method to decrease delayed muscle soreness considering the effective factors. This is while, more research in this area can lead to better understanding of the effects of WBV on parameters of muscle damage following the delayed-onset muscle soreness.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Whole Body Vibration
  • Muscle Damage
  • Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness
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