ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی نسخه ایرانی پرسشنامه نظرات و تجربیات والدین دارای فرزند کاشت حلزون‌‌شده (PVECIQ)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روان‌شناسی و آموزش کودکان با نیازهای خاص، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 گروه ENT، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 مربی، گروه شنوایی‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم توان‌بخشی و واحد تحقیقات اختلالات ارتباطی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
با توجه به این‌ که کودکان بخش مهمی از وقت خود را با والدین می‌گذرانند، بنابراین پدر و مادر منبع غنی اطلاعات در مورد فرزندشان هستند؛ بر این اساس، ضرورت دارد که از طریق ابزارهایی، نظرات و تجربیات آنها جهت اهداف بالینی و پژوهشی مورد ارزیابی قرار گیرد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی نسخه ایرانی پرسش­نامه نظرات و تجربیات والدین دارای فرزند کاشت حلزون‌­شده (Parents' Views and Experiences with Pediatric Cochlear Implant Questionnaire; PVECIQ) انجام گرفت.
مواد و روش‌ها
پژوهش حاضر از نوع مطالعات روان‌سنجی و مطالعات توصیفی-تحلیلی است که به ‌صورت مقطعی و غیرمداخله‌ای انجام شده ‌است. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه کودکانی بودند که در بیمارستان آموزشی-درمانی الزهرا (س) اصفهان، تحت عمل جراحی کاشت حلزون قرار گرفته بودند. از این جامعه 73 کودک (28 پسر و 45 دختر) که حداقل 1 سال تجربه استفاده از پروتز کاشت حلزون را داشتند، به روش در دسترس انتخاب و مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. ابزار پژوهش، پرسش­نامه نظرات و تجربیات والدین دارای فرزند کاشت حلزون‌شده (PVECIQ) بود. پس از تایید روایی محتوایی، اطلاعات با استفاده از همبستگی زیرمجموعه‌های PVECIQ، ضریب α کرونباخ و پایایی به شیوه‌ی بازآزمایی و از طریق نرم‌افزار SPSS نسخه 22 تجزیه و تحلیل شد.
یافته‌ها
شاخص روایی محتوایی (CVI) در تمام گویه‌ها از 75/0 بالاتر بود. حداقل و حداکثر CVI برابر با 76/0 و 1/0 برآورد شد. همبستگی زیرمجموعه‌ها در اکثر موارد، همبستگی مثبت و معنا‌دار بود. ضریب α کرونباخ زیرمجموعه‌های PVECIQ در دامنه 74/0 الی 83/0 و ضریب α کرونباخ برای کل پرسش‌نامه برابر با 77/0 بود. ضریب بازآزمایی زیرمجموعه‌های PVECIQ نیز در دامنه 85/0 الی 97/0 بود.
نتیجه‌ گیری
بر اساس یافته‌های حاصل از تجزیه ‌و تحلیل داده‌ها، به نظر می‌رسد نسخه ایرانی پرسش­نامه نظرات و تجربیات والدین دارای فرزند کاشت حلزون‌­شده (PVECIQ) از روایی و پایایی قابل قبولی برخوردار باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Psychometric Properties of Iranian Version of Parents' Views and Experiences with Pediatric Cochlear Implant Questionnaire (PVECIQ)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Salar Faramarzi 1
  • Alireza Mohseni Ezhiyeh 1
  • Seyyed Hamidreza Abtahi 2
  • Mahsa Sepehrnejad 3
1 Department of Psychology and Education of Children with Special Needs, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan. Iran
2 Department of ENT, Medical School, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Instructor, Department of Audiology, School of Rehabilitation Sciences and Communication Disorders Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Given that children spend a significant portion of their time with their parents, they are a rich source of information about their children. Therefore, it is essential to use some instruments to get informed about parents' ideas and experiences for clinical and research purposes. Accordingly, the present study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of Parents' Views and Experiences with pediatric Cochlear Implant Questionnaire (PVECIQ).
Materials and Methods: The present study is a test development and descriptive-analysis conducted with a non-interventional and cross-sectional design. Statistical population included all children who were undergoing cochlear implant in Azzahra Hospital. A total of 73 children (28 boys and 45 girls), who had at least one year of experience of using cochlear implant, were selected from this population using convenience sampling.The Parents' Views and Experiences with pediatric Cochlear Implant Questionnaire (PVECIQ) was used for data collection. After making sure about the content validity, the data were analyzed using the correlation of PVECIQ sub-sections, Cronbach's alpha coefficient, and test-retest reliability in SPSS22.
Results: The Content Validity Indices in all items were higher than 0.75. The minimum and maximum CVI were 0.76 and 0.1, respectively. The correlations among sub-sections were positive and significant in most cases. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the sub-sections of the questionnaire ranged between 0.74 and 0.83 and the Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the total questionnaire was found to be 0.77.  The test-retest reliability of the sub-sections of PVECIQ also ranged between 0.85 and 0.97.
Conclusion: According to the results of the present study, it seems that the Iranian version of Parents' Views and Experiences with pediatric Cochlear Implant Questionnaire (PVECIQ) has adequate reliability and validity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cochlear Implants؛ Parents؛ Children
  • Opinions and Experiences؛ PVECIQ
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