مروری بر پژوهش ها در زمینه اختلالات هیجانی رفتاری کودکان کم شنوا

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه روان‌شناسی و آموزش کودکان استثنایی، مرکز تحقیقات توانبخشی اعصاب اطفال، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران

2 دکتری روان شناسی و آموزش کودکان استثنایی، مرکز تحقیقات توانبخشی اعصاب اطفال، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
مطالعات نشان می‌دهد که کم‌شنوایی با بروز اختلالات رفتاری در فرد همبستگی مثبت دارد و امکان بروز برخی از مشکلات را افزایش می‌دهد. هدف از مطالعه‌ی حاضر، بررسی مقالات مختلف در زمینه‌ی اختلالات رفتاری و هیجانی در کودکان کم‌شنوا و بررسی میزان شیوع و علل بروز این اختلالات است.
مواد و روش ها
در مطالعه حاضر مقالات منتشرشده در فاصله‌ی سال‌های 2005 تا 2016 در مورد اختلالات رفتاری و هیجانی در کم‌شنوایان در بانک‌های اطلاعاتی Pubmed, SID, Sage, Springer link, Elsevier و موتور جستجوی گوگل با واژه‌های کلیدی اختلالات رفتاری، اختلالات هیجانی، کم‌شنوایی، آسیب شنوایی و واژه‌‌های مرتبط مورد بررسی قرار گرفت.
یافته‌ها
زبان در بروز تحولات اجتماعی کودک نقش اساسی دارد؛ متأسفانه کودکان کم‌شنوا به دلیل عدم تسلط کافی بر مهارت‌های زبانی دارای مشکلات اساسی در ایجاد ارتباط صحیح با دیگران و مهارت‌های اجتماعی هستند.
نتیجه‌ گیری
شیوع اختلالات رفتاری در کودکان کم‌شنوا بیش‌تر از هم‌سالان شنوای آن‌هااست؛ مهمترین عللی که می‌توان برای بروز این اختلالات نام برد شامل نقص در تحول زبان و مشکلات ارتباطی این افراد است؛ همچنین سبک فرزندپروری والدین و میزان پذیرش آن‌ها بسیار تأثیرگذار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Review of Research on Hearing Impaired Children's Behavioral and Emotional Disorders

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elnaz Bararipoor 1
  • Guita Movallali 2
1 Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare Rehabilitation, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare Rehabilitation, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Previous studies showed that hearing loss is positively correlated with behavioral disorders and increases the risk of some problems. The purpose of the present study was to review articles on behavioral and emotional disturbances in hearing impaired children and to determine the prevalence and causes of these disorders.
Materials and Methods: In the current study, articles published between 2005 and 2016 about the emotional and behavioral disorders, and hearing loss in Pubmed, SID, Sage, Springer link, Elsevier and Google databases were searched using the following keywords: behavioral disorders, emotional disorders, hearing loss, hearing impairment, and related terms.
Results: Language plays a key role in the development of the child's social development. Unfortunately, hearing impaired children, due to the lack of fluency in language skills, have fundamental problems in establishing the right relationship with others and social skills.
Conclusion: The prevalence of behavioral disorders is more in hearing impaired children, as compared with normal children. The most important reasons that can be cited for these disorders include defects in the development of language and these individuals’ communication difficulties. In addition, parenting style and their acceptance rate are very important in this regard.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Hearing impaired children
  • Children with hearing
  • Behavioral and emotional disorders
  1. Walker R. Child mental health and deafness. Paediatrics and Child Health. 2013 Oct 31;23(10):438-42.##
  2. Firuzbakht M, EftakhariArdebili H, Majlesi F, Rahimi A, Dezfuli M. The prevalence of hearing loss in centers of provinces. Public Health and Institute of Health Research Journal. 2008 5(4):1-9 ##
  3. Effatpanah M, Bitarafan S, Radfar M, Radfar S. Comparative study of adaptive behavior in children with normal hearing and deaf children 12 to 36 months. Pajouhan Scientific Journal. 2014 Jul 22;12(3):45-51. [In Persian]. ##
  4. Kobayashi Y, Tamiya N, Moriyama Y, Nishi A. Triple difficulties in Japanese women with hearing loss: Marriage, smoking, and mental health issues. PloS one. 2015 Feb 4;10(2):e0116648. ##
  5. Rostami M, Younesi SJ, Movallali G, Farhood D, Biglarian A. The effectiveness of mental rehabilitation based on positive thinking skills training on increasing happiness in hearing impaired adolescents. Bimonthly Audiology-Tehran University of Medical Sciences. 2014 Aug 15;23(3):39-45.[In Persian]. ##
  6. Theunissen SC, Rieffe C, Kouwenberg M, De Raeve LJ, Soede W, Briaire JJ, Frijns JH. Behavioral problems in school-aged hearing-impaired children: the influence of sociodemographic, linguistic, and medical factors. European child & adolescent psychiatry. 2014 Apr 1;23(4):187-96. ##
  7. Chao WC, Lee LA, Liu TC, Tsou YT, Chan KC, Wu CM. Behavior problems in children with cochlear implants. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology. 2015 May 31;79(5):648-53. ##
  8. Landsberger SA, Diaz DR, Spring NZ, Sheward J, Sculley C. Psychiatric diagnoses and psychosocial needs of outpatient deaf children and adolescents. Child Psychiatry & Human Development. 2014 Feb 1;45(1):42-51. ##
  9. Stika CJ, Eisenberg LS, Johnson KC, Henning SC, Colson BG, Ganguly DH, DesJardin JL. Developmental outcomes of early-identified children who are hard of hearing at 12 to 18months of age. Early human development. 2015 Jan 31;91(1):47-55. ##
  10. Batten G, Oakes PM, Alexander T. Factors associated with social interactions between deaf children and their hearing peers: A systematic literature review. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education. 2014 Jul 1;19(3):285-302. ##
  11. Bizjak MČ. Understanding emotional health and psychological adjustment in students with or without a specific hearing deficiency. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities. 2009 Jun 1;21(3):213-24. ##
  12. Wiefferink CH, Rieffe C, Ketelaar L, Frijns JH. Predicting social functioning in children with a cochlear implant and in normal-hearing children: The role of emotion regulation. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology. 2012 Jun 30;76(6):883-9. ##
  13. Wiefferink CH, Rieffe C, Ketelaar L, De Raeve L, Frijns JH. Emotion understanding in deaf children with a cochlear implant. Journal of deaf studies and deaf education. 2013 Apr 1;18(2):175-86. ##
  14. Jiménez-Romero MS. The influence of cochlear implants on behaviour problems in deaf children. Psicothema. 2015 Dec 31;27(3):229-34. ##
  15. GhoreishiRad F. Mental health status of students who are deaf and hard of hearing. Exeptionaleducation. 2015 Des ##
  16. Diaz DR, Landsberger SA, Povlinski J, Sheward J, Sculley C. Psychiatric disorder prevalence among deaf and hard-of-hearing outpatients. Comprehensive psychiatry. 2013 Oct 31;54(7):991-5. ##
  17. Movallali G, Imani M. Emotional development in deaf children: facial expression, emotional understanding, display rules, mixed emotions, and theory of mind. Bimonthly Audiology-Tehran University of Medical Sciences. 2015 Feb 15;23(6):1-6. [In Persian].
  18. Theunissen SC, Rieffe C, Netten AP, Briaire JJ, Soede W, Kouwenberg M, Frijns JH. Self-esteem in hearing-impaired children: the influence of communication, education, and audiological characteristics. PloS one. 2014 Apr 10;9(4):e94521.v
  19. Anmyr L, Olsson M, Freijd A, Larsson K. Sense of coherence, social networks, and mental health among children with a cochlear implant. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology. 2015 Apr 30;79(4):610-5. ##
  20. Movallali G, Poorseyed SR. Attachment Styles and Perceived Parenting Styles: A Comparison of Hearing Impaired Adolescents and Normal Adolescents. J. Soc. Sci. 2015;1(3):7-12. [In Persian].v
  21. Sarant J, Garrard P. Parenting stress in parents of children with cochlear implants: Relationships among parent stress, child language, and unilateral versus bilateral implants. Journal of deaf studies and deaf education. 2014 Jan 1;19(1):85-106. ##
  22. Topol D, Girard N, Pierre LS, Tucker R, Vohr B. The effects of maternal stress and child language ability on behavioral outcomes of children with congenital hearing loss at 18–24months. Early human development. 2011 Dec 31;87(12):807-11. ##
  23. Pakzad M, Faramarzi S, Ghamarani A. The effectiveness of mother training based on the model of positive parenting on the rate of behavioral disorders symptoms in deaf students. Bimonthly Audiology-Tehran University of Medical Sciences. 2014 Oct 15;23(4):77-83. [In Persian]. ##
  24. Cruz I, Vicaria I, Wang NY, Niparko J, Quittner AL, CDaCI Investigative Team. Language and behavioral outcomes in children with developmental disabilities using cochlear implants. Otology & neurotology: official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology. 2012 Jul;33(5):751. ##
  25. Stevenson J, McCann DC, Law CM, Mullee M, Petrou S, Worsfold S, Yuen HM, Kennedy CR. The effect of early confirmation of hearing loss on the behaviour in middle childhood of children with bilateral hearing impairment. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 2011 Mar 1;53(3):269-74. ##
  26. Mazarei Kascani R, Mehrabizadeh Honarmand M. Social skill, life satisfaction and locus of control in normal-hearing and hearing-impaired students. Bimonthly Audiology-Tehran University of Medical Sciences. 2014 Jun 15;23(2):66-73. [In Persian]. ##
  27. Viertiö S, Perälä J, Saarni S, Koskinen S, Suvisaari J. Hearing loss in persons with psychotic disorder—Findings from a population-based survey. Schizophrenia research. 2014 Nov 30;159(2):309-11. ##
  28. Fellinger J, Holzinger D, Sattel H, Laucht M. Mental health and quality of life in deaf pupils. European child & adolescent psychiatry. 2008 Oct 1;17(7):414-23.s##
  29. Stevenson J, Kreppner J, Pimperton H, Worsfold S, Kennedy C. Emotional and behavioural difficulties in children and adolescents with hearing impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European child & adolescent psychiatry. 2015 May 1;24(5):477-96. ##
  30. Movallali G, Torabi F, Tavakoli E. Behavioral problems in deaf populations: a literature review. Bimonthly Audiology-Tehran University of Medical Sciences. 2014 Dec 15;23(5):14-26. [In Persian]. ##
  31. Fellinger MJ, Holzinger D, Aigner M, Beitel C, Fellinger J. Motor performance and correlates of mental health in children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 2015 Oct 1;57(10):942-7. ##
  32. Hindley PA. Mental health problems in deaf children. Current Paediatrics. 2005 Apr 30;15(2):114-9. ##
  33. [33] Cabral L, Muhr K, Savageau J. Perspectives of people who are deaf and hard of hearing on mental health, recovery, and peer support. Community mental health journal. 2013 Dec 1;49(6):649-57. ##
  34. Fellinger J, Holzinger D, Pollard R. Mental health of deaf people. The Lancet. 2012 Mar 23;379(9820):1037-44. ##
  35. Fellinger J, Holzinger D, Dobner U, Gerich J, Lehner R, Lenz G, Goldberg D. Mental distress and quality of life in a deaf population. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. 2005 Sep 1;40(9):737-42. ##