بررسی تأثیرات نواربندی کینزیو آبداکتوری و چرخش دهندگی خارجی ران بر کینماتیک سه بعدی اندام تحتانی طی فاز اتکا دویدن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد بیومکانیک ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد همدان، همدان، ایران

4 استادیار بیومکانیک ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد همدان، همدان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
افزایش بیش از حد چرخش داخلی و آداکشن ران یکی از ریسک­فاکتورهای ایجاد آسیب در اندام تحتانی می­باشد. هدف از مطالعه حاضر ارزیابی اثرات آنی نواربندی چرخش­دهندگی و آبداکتوری ران بر روی کینماتیک سه­بعدی مفاصل اندام تحتانی طی فاز اتکای دویدن بود.
مواد و روش ­ها
24 مرد سالم (سن: 5/2±6/24 سال، جرم: 2/6±8/74 کیلوگرم، و قد 9/7±1/177 سانتی­متر) جهت شرکت در مطالعه حاضر داوطلب شدند. کینماتیک سه­بعدی مفاصل اندام تحتانی به وسیله سیستم تحلیل حرکت طی دویدن با و بدون نواربندی چرخش­دهندگی و آبداکتوری ران اندازه­گیری شد. در این مطالعه برای تحلیل آماری از تست تی همبسته استفاده گردید. سطح معناداری برابر 05/0 گرفته شد.
یافته ­ها
نواربندی ناحیه ران به ترتیب سبب افزایش و کاهش معنادار اوج زاویه اورژن طی فازهای پاسخ بارگیری (001/0=P) و میانه استقرار (001/0=P) شد. اوج زاویه آداکشن زانو طی کل فاز اتکا در شرایط نواربندی نسبت به شرایط بدون نواربندی ران به صورت معناداری کاهش یافت (05/0>P). به علاوه، هر دو اوج چرخش داخلی و آداکشن ران طی شرایط نواربندی (حدود 1 درجه) نسبت به شرایط بدون نواربندی به لحاظ آماری کمتر بود (05/0>P).
نتیجه­ گیری
نواربندی چرخش­دهندگی و آبداکتوری ران می­تواند کینماتیک مفاصل اندام تحتانی (کاهش اورژن مچ پا طی میانه استقرار، کاهش اوج آداکشن زانو، کاهش آداکشن و چرخش داخلی ران طی فاز اتکا) را در طی دویدن تغییر دهد. با این وجود، مقادیر اندازه اثر در همه موارد پایین بود؛ بنابراین مطالعات بیشتری در این حوزه و بر روی بیماران مختلف توصیه می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of Femoral Rotational and Abductoral Kinsio Taping on Three-Dimensional Lower Limb Kinematics during Stance Phase of Running

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amirali Jafarnezhadgero 1
  • Amirhosein Sadri 2
  • Goodarz Ghiasvand 3
  • Mahdi Majlesi 4
1 Assistant Professor of Sport Biomechanics, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Faculty of Education Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
2 MSc in Sport Biomechanics, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Educational Science and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
3 MSc in Sport Biomechanics, Department of Sport Biomechanics Bu Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
4 Assistant Professor of Sport Biomechanics, Department of Sport Biomechanics, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan Branch, Hamedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Higher excessive hip adduction and internal rotation is one of the risk factors for lower limb injuries. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the immediate effects of hip external rotator and hip abductor muscular taping on three-dimensional lower limb joint kinematics during stance phase of running.
Materials and Methods: A total of 24 healthy male participants (age: 24.6±2.5 year; Weight: 74.8±6.2; and Height: 177.1±7.9 cm) were volunteered to participate in the study. Three-dimensional lower limb kinematics were measured using a motion analysis system during running with and without femoral rotational and abductoral taping. Paired sample t-test was used for statistical analysis. Significant level was set at 0.05.
Results: Application of femoral tapes increased and decreased peak eversion angle during loading response (P=0.001) and mid-stance (P=0.001) phases, respectively. Compared with no tape, femoral tape significantly reduced peak knee adduction angle during the entire stance phase (P<0.05). Moreover, both peak hip adduction and internal rotation during taping condition were about 1° and statistically lower than that of no tape condition (P<0.05).
Conclusions: Femoral rotational and abductoral taping could alter lower limb joint kinematics (reduction of ankle eversion during mid-stance, reduce peak knee adduction and peak hip adduction, and internal rotation during stance phase of running. However, effect size values in all cases were low. Therefore, further study is warranted in this field and on different patients.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Taping
  • Running
  • Kinematic
  • Lower Limb
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