تاثیر یک دوره برنامه تمرینی یوگا بر توجه دیداری و شنیداری کودکان مبتلا به اختلال نارسایی توجه همراه با بیش فعالی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشگاه ولیعصر رفسنجان، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، گروه رفتار حرکتی

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
اختلال نقص توجه/بیش فعالی، از شایع­ترین اختلال­های روان­پزشکی در کودکان و نوجوانان است. مبتلایان در حوزه­های مختلف مشکل دارند، مانند اختلال در نقص توجه دیداری و شنیداری که نقش مهمی در فعالیت­های روزمره زندگی دارد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی تمرین یوگا بر توجه دیداری و شنیداری کودکان مبتلا به اختلال نارسایی توجه همراه با بیش­فعالی صورت گرفت.
مواد و روش ­ها
در پژوهش حاضر 30 دانش­آموز پسر 6 تا 7 ساله از مدارس ابتدایی شهر شیراز به کمک پرسش­نامه علائم مرضی کودک-4 (CSI-4) و بر اساس ملاک­های تشخیصی DSM-IV به عنوان آزمودنی انتخاب شدند و به طور تصادفی در ۲ گروه)تجربی و کنترل (قرار گرفتند. گروه تجربی (15n=)، تمرینات منتخب یوگای تدوین­شده دریافت کردند. مدت زمان مداخله 12 جلسه (4 هفته و هر هفته 3 جلسه) یک ساعته بود. گروه کنترل (15n=) هیچ­گونه مداخله­ای دریافت نکرد. آزمودنی­های دو گروه قبل و بعد از مداخله به وسیله آزمون عملکرد پیوسته ارزیابی (CPT) شدند. روش آماری مورد استفاده برای تحلیل یافته­ها، آزمون تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیره بود.
یافته­ ها
نتایج نشان داد که تمرینات یوگا در مقایسه با گروه کنترل توانستند در حد معناداری توجه دیداری (002/0P=) و شنیداری (003/0P=) کودکان مبتلا به اختلال نارسایی توجه همراه با بیش­فعالی را افزایش دهند.
نتیجه­ گیری
می­توان نتیجه گرفت که عملکرد توجه کودکان مبتلا به اختلال نارسایی توجه همراه با بیش ­فعالی به کمک تمرینات یوگا بهبود می­یابد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Yoga Practice on Visual and Auditory Attention of Children with Attention Deficiency and Hyperactivity Disorders

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ayoub Hashemi 1
  • Elahe Arabameri 2
  • hamideh abdolzadeh 3
1 PhD. Student of Motor Behavior, Tehran University , Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Motor Behavior, Tehran University , Tehran, Iran
3 Valiasr University of Rafsanjan, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Department of Behavioral Sciences
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents. This disorder causes various problems such as impairment of visual and auditory attention that play important roles in everyday life. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of yoga training on visual and auditory attention of children with ADHD.
Materials and Methods: A total of 30 male students, aged 6-7 years, were randomly selected using the teacher form of Child Symptom Inventory-4 (CSI-4) from shiraz’s primary schools. Participants were assigned to two groups of experimental and control with the experimental group (n=15) receiving Yoga exercise practices for 12 sessions (4 weeks and 3 sessions per week, 60 minutes per session), while the control group did not receive any intervention. Before and after training, all participants were assessed using Continuous Performance Test (CPT). Multiple ANOVA were used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that yoga exercises were able to significantly increase visual (P=0.002) and auditory (P=0.003) attention performance in children with ADHD in comparison with the control group.
Conclusion: Yoga practices can improve attention performance in children with ADHD.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Auditory attention
  • Visual attention
  • Yoga training
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