پیش بینی آسیب های اسکلتی-عضلانی ورزشکاران باشگاهی از طریق امتیازات انفرادی و مرکب آزمون غربالگری حرکت عملکردی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد حرکات اصلاحی و آسیب شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
امروزه امتیاز بیشتر از 14 در آزمون غربالگری حرکت عملکردی برای پیش­بینی آسیب در جمعیت­های ورزشکار استفاده می­شود. عدم تقارن یا محدودیت الگوی حرکتی در آزمون غربالگری حرکت عملکردی ممکن است توانایی پیش­بینی آسیب­های اسکلتی- عضلانی را داشته باشد؛ بنابراین هدف پژوهش حاضر، پیش­بینی آسیب­های اسکلتی-عضلانی ورزشکاران باشگاهی از طریق امتیازات انفرادی و مرکب آزمون غربالگری حرکت عملکردی بود.
مواد و روش­ ها
در تحقیق حاضر جامعه آماری شامل 50 ورزشکار باشگاهی در دسترس (25 مرد، 25 زن)، با میانگین سنی 25/2±19 سال بود. از آزمون­های غربالگری حرکت عملکردی برای ارزیابی آزمودنی­ها استفاده شد. وقوع آسیب­های اسکلتی-عضلانی توسط پزشک رسمی تیم ورزشی، برای سال 95-94 پیگیری شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها در سطح معناداری 05/0 با استفاده از آزمون آماری 2X و منحنی ROC انجام شد.
یافته­ ها
یافته­ ها نشان داد میانگین امتیاز مرکب غربالگری حرکت عملکردی در گروه آسیب­دیده پایین­تر از گروه سالم بود. همچنین ورزشکارانی که حداقل دارای یک عدم تقارن یا محدودیت الگوی حرکتی در آزمون­های انفرادی بودند، نسبت به ورزشکاران فاقد عدم تقارن یا محدودیت الگوی حرکتی، بیشتر متحمل آسیب­های عضلانی-اسکلتی شدند. ورزشکاران با امتیاز 14≥ نسبت به افراد با امتیاز 14> آسیب­های اسکلتی-عضلانی را بیشتر متحمل شدند.
نتیجه­ گیری
به نظر می‌رسد ورزشکاران با امتیاز 14≥ نسبت به افراد با امتیاز 14> آسیب­های عضلانی-اسکلتی را بیشتر متحمل می­شوند. عدم تقارن یا امتیاز یک در آزمون­های انفرادی غربالگری حرکت عملکردی هم­راستا با امتیاز مرکب می­تواند برای پیش­بینی احتمال وقوع آسیب در ورزشکاران باشگاهی به کار برده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Prediction of Musculoskeletal Injuries in Athletes Using Individual and Composite Scores on Functional Movement Screening Test

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Letafatkar 1
  • Mohadseh Salehi Sarbizhan 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Biomechanic and Sport Injury, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
2 Master in Corrective Exercises, Department of Biomechanics and Sport Injuries, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science. University of Kharazmi, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Scores above 14 in Functional Movement Screen (FMS) test are nowdays used to predict injury in the athletic population. According to title proposed, asymmetry or movement pattern limitation in functional movement screen test might predict musculoskeletal injuries. The objective of the present study was predicting musculoskeletal injuries in athletes using individual and composite scores on functional movement screening test.
Materials and Methods: In the current study, participants included a total of 50 athletes (25 males and 25 females) with a mean age of 19±2.25. FMS tests were used to assess participants' performance. Occurrence of musculoskeletal injuries was diagnosed by an official physician of athletic teams in 2015-2016. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS running x2 statistical test and ROC curve with p. value set at 0.05.
Results: The results showed that the average composite score of FMS in injured group was lower than that of healthy group. Also, athletes who had a minimum of one asymmetry or limitation on the movement pattern in individual tests versus those without asymmetry or movement pattern limitation were more susceptible to musculoskeletal injuries.
Conclusion: According to the results, athletes with scores lower than or equal to 14 experience more   musculoskeletal injuries than those with scores more than 14. Thus, asymmetry or score one in functional movement screen individual tests along with composite score can be used for predicting occurrence of injury in athletes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Asymmetry
  • Individual test
  • Injury risk
  • Functional movement screen test
  • Movement pattern
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