تأثیر تمرینات عملکردی مقاومتی کل بدن بر تعادل مردان میانسال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دکتری آسیب شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، گروه بهداشت و طب ورزش، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
اختلال در تعادل و افتادن یکی از مهم­ترین پیامدهای افزایش سن می‌باشد که عواقب نگران­کننده­ای از جمله شکستگی استخوان را در پی دارد. هدف از تحقیق حاضر تعیین تأثیر تمرینات TRX، بر تعادل مردان میانسال می‌باشد.
مواد و روش ­ها
تحقیق حاضر از نوع نیمه­تجربی و بر روی 26 مرد میانسال با میانگین سن 44/3±8/43 سال و به روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس که به ‌صورت تصادفی به دو گروه تمرینات تعلیقی (13 نفر) و گروه کنترل (13 نفر) تقسیم ‌شده‌اند، انجام ‌شده است. جهت ارزیابی تعادل ایستا، پویا و عملکردی به ترتیب از آزمون­های شارپندرومبرگ، تصحیح‌شده ستاره (Y) و مقیاس برگ استفاده شد. گروه تجربی تمرینات عملکردی TRX را به مدت 8 هفته، سه جلسه در هفته و به مدت 45 دقیقه انجام دادند. پس از پایان 8 هفته تمرینات، تمامی مراحل پیش‌آزمون، در پس‌آزمون تکرار شد. جهت تجزیه‌ و تحلیل اطلاعات، از آزمون­های تی همبسته و آنالیز کوواریانس. در سطح معناداری 05/0 استفاده شد.
یافته­ ها
نتایج آزمون t مستقل اختلاف معناداری را بین اطلاعات دموگرافیک دو گروه نشان نداد (05/0P<). این امر نشان­دهنده همگن بودن دو گروه از نظر ویژگی­های فردی اثرگذار بر تعادل می‌باشد. همچنین نتایج آزمون t همبسته نشان داد که تعادل آزمودنی­های گروه تجربی در هر سه نوع ایستا، پویا و عملکردی در پس­آزمون نسبت به پیش­آزمون پیشرفت معناداری پیدا کرده است. علاوه بر آن، نتایج آزمون آنالیز کوواریانس نشان داد که اجرای تمرینات عملکردی TRX موجب بهبود معنادار تعادل در گروه تجربی نسبت به گروه کنترل می‌شود.
نتیجه ­گیری
از آنجایی که تعادل، قابلیتی است که تحت تأثیر چند عامل قرار می‌گیرد، اجرای تمرینات عملکردی TRX به ‌خوبی می‌تواند این قابلیت‌ها را پوشش داده و موجب بهبود تعادل افراد میانسال شود؛ لذا پیشنهاد می‌شود به‌ منظور جلوگیری از اختلال در تعادل و افتادن، نسبت به بهره­مندی از فواید تمرینات عملکردی TRX در دوران میانسالی اقدام شود.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Functional Training with TRX on the Balance of Middle-Aged Men

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Aslani 1
  • Mohammad Kalantariyan 2
  • Homan Minoonejad 3
1 MSc in Corrective Exercises and Sport Injury, Faculty of Physical education, University of Tehran, Tehran,Iran
2 PhD in Corrective Exercises and Sport Injury, Faculty of Physical education, University of Tehran, Tehran,Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Corrective Exercises and Sport Injury, Faculty of Physical education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Disorders related to balance and falling are among the most important consequences of aging, which result in disturbing consequences such as bone fractures. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of TRX functional exercises on the balance of middle age men.
Materials and Methods: In the current quasi-experimental study, 26 elderly men (mean age ± SD; 43.8 ± 3.44) were randomly divided into two groups of suspended exercises (n= 13) and control group (n= 13). The static, dynamic, and functional balance were evaluated using Sharp and Romberg, Corrected Star (Y), and Berg balance scales, respectively. The experimental group performed TRX exercises for 8 weeks, 3 sessions per week for 45 minutes. To analyze the data, t-test and ANCOVA statistical methods were used in SPSS, v. 2 with p-value set at ≤0.05.
Results: The results of t-test showed that the balance of the experimental group in all three groups was significantly different in post-test when compared with that in the pre-test (p≤0.05). In addition, the results of ANCOVA showed that performing TRX exercise significantly improved the balance in the experimental group as compared with the control group (p≤0.05).
Conclusion: Since balance is a feature that is influenced by several factors, doing TRX exercises can well cover these capabilities and improve the balance of middle age men. Therefore, in order to prevent disorders related to balance and falling, it is recommended that these individuals take the benefits of functional TRX exercises during middle ages.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Middle age men
  • Balance
  • Functional exercise
  • TRX exercise
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