مقایسه تاثیر تمرینات جسمانی و مهارت کنترل خشم بر کاهش پرخاشگری نوجوانان پسر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری جامعه‌شناسی مسائل اجتماعی ایران، گروه علوم اجتماعی، دانشکده علوم انسانی و تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی واحدتبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان استثنایی، گروه روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان استثنایی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

4 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی عمومی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی و تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
امروزه پرخاشگری یکی از آسیب­های اجتماعی بسیار جدی در نوجوانان است که سلامت جسمی و روانی آنها را مختل می‌کند؛ بنابراین هدف مطالعه حاضر، مقایسه تاثیر تمرینات جسمانی و مهارت کنترل خشم بر کاهش پرخاشگری نوجوانان پسر بود.
مواد و روش ­ها
در مطالعۀ شبه­تجربی حاضر (پیش‌آزمون-پس‌آزمون) 40 نفر از دانش‌آموزان مدرسه عدالت شهر اراک به شیوۀ در دسترس انتخاب و به‌ صورت غیرتصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش (20 نفری) قرار گرفتند. برای گروه اول آموزش تمرینات جسمانی (هفته­ای دو جلسه یک ساعته) و برای گروه دوم آموزش مهارت کنترل خشم (هفته­ای دو جلسه یک ساعته) اعمال شد. همه آزمودنی­ها پیش از آغاز آموزش و پس از آن، مقیاس سنجش پرخاشگری باس و پری را پر کردند. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از تحلیل کواریانس تک­متغیره و چندمتغیره استفاده شد.
یافته­ ها
یافته­ها نشان داد که میزان اثربخشی مهارت کنترل خشم در کاهش پرخاشگری و مولفه‌های آن (پرخاشگری بدنی، پرخاشگری کلامی، خشم و خصومت) نسبت به تمرینات جسمانی به طور معنا‌داری بیشتر است (001/0>p).
نتیجه گیری
به نظر می‌رسد که مهارت کنترل خشم در کاهش پرخاشگری نوجوانان مؤثرتر از تمرینات جسمانی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the Effects of Physical Exercises and Anger Control Skill on Reducing Male Teenageers' Aggression

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fariba Sattarpour Iranaghi 1
  • Yavar Jamali Gharakhanlou 2
  • Hamed Moradikia 3
  • Leyla Hemmati 4
1 Young Researchers and Elite club, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
2 Ph.D student in Sociology, Department of Social sciences, Faculty of Human and Educational Sciences, Tabriz Branch Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
3 MSc in Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4 M.A in General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Human and Educational Sciences, Tabriz Branch Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Aggression is one of the most serious social threats in adolescents that disrupt their physical and mental health. Therefore, the present study aimed to compare the effects of physical exercises and anger control skill on male teenageers' aggression.
Materials and Methods: In the current quasi-experimental study (pre-test and post-test), 40 students at the school of Edalat in Arak city were selected through convenience sampling method. Participants were then non-randomly divided into two experimental groups (20 each). The first group received Physical Exercises (two sessions per week, each one hour) and the second group received Anger Control Skill training (two sessions per week, each one hour). Univariate and multivariate analysis of covariance (ANCOVA & MANCOVA) were used to analyze the data.
Results: The findings of the present study showed that the effectiveness of anger control skill in reducing aggression and its components (physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger, and hostility) were significantly higher than doing physical exercises (p <0.001).
Conclusion: According to the results, anger control skill is more effective in reducing male teenagers' aggression compared with physical exercises.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Physical Exercises
  • Anger Control Skill
  • Aggression
  • Adolescent
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