تاثیر 6 هفته تمرینات ثبات مرکزی بدن و هاپینگ بر تعادل دانشجویان دختر دارای ناپایداری مچ پا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد آسیبب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، گروه آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر، کرمان، ایران

2 استادیار گروه آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر، کرمان، ایران

3 استاد گروه آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر، کرمان، ایران

4 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد آسیبب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، گروه آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر، کرمان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
ارزیابی تعادل به عنوان یک فاکتور خطرزای قابل اصلاح جهت پیشگیری از آسیب بسیار مهم می­باشد. هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تاثیر 6 هفته تمرینات ثبات مرکزی بدن و هاپینگ بر تعادل در دانشجویان دختر با ناپایداری مچ پا در دانشگاه باهنر کرمان بود.
مواد و روش­ ها
36 نفر از دانشجویان دختر دانشگاه باهنر کرمان با ناپایداری مچ پا (سطح 15 تا 27) و با میانگین سن 3/7±08/22 سال، قد 5±61/1 متر و جرم 89/9±77/58 کیلوگرم، به صورت هدفمند انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در 3 گروه 12 نفری ثبات مرکزی بدن، هاپینگ و کنترل تقسیم شدند. در پژوهش حاضر، ناپایداری مچ پا با استفاده از پرسش­نامه CIAT مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. قبل و بعد از دوره 6 هفته­ای تمرینات (3 جلسه 30 دقیقه­ای در هفته) در شرایط مشابه زمانی و مکانی تعادل با استفاده از دستگاه بایودکس اندازه­گیری شد. گروه کنترل در این دوره هیچ فعالیت ورزشی را تجربه نکردند.
یافته ­ها
نتایج سنجش مکرر ترکیبی نشان داد که بین تعادل قبل و بعد از تمرینات ثبات مرکزی بدن و هاپینگ تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد (001/0=P). همچنین تعادل در قبل و بعد از تمرینات در گروه تمرینات ثبات­دهنده مرکزی (000/0=P) و گروه تمرینات هاپینگ تفاوت معناداری نشان داد (001/0=P).
نتیجه­ گیری
با توجه به نتایج پژوهش حاضر می­توان در پروتکل­های توانبخشی افراد با ناپایداری مچ پا از هر دو تمرینات ثبات مرکزی بدن و هاپینگ به عنوان تمرینات موثر جهت بهبود تعادل استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Six Weeks of Core Stability Exercise and Hopping on Balance among Female University Students with Ankle Instability

نویسندگان [English]

  • Vajihe Dehghanzadeh 1
  • Abdolhamid Daneshjoo Daneshjoo 2
  • Mansour Sahebozamani 3
  • Faezeh Bamorovat 4
  • Saeedeh Sedighi Darigani 4
  • Zahra Madadi Zadeh 4
1 Master of Science in Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Department of Sports Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Department of Sports Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
3 Professor of Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Department of Sports Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
4 Student of Master of Science in Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Department of Sports Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: It is essential to consider balance as a modifiable risk factor to consequently prevent injury. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of six weeks of core stability and hopping exercises on balance among girls with ankle instability.
Materials and Methods: A total of 36 female university students (age 22.08±7.1 year, height 1.61±0.05 m, and weight 58.77±9.89 kg) from among 90 individuals with an ankle instability were objectively selected from Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman and were randomly divided into three groups of 12: the core stability group, the hopping group, and the control group. The CIAT questionnaire was used to select people with ankle instability and the balance was measured using Biodex Balance System before and after six weeks of intervention program (3 times per week with 30 minutes duration per session) in the similar times and condition. The control group did not have any sport activities during this period.
Results: The results of mix repeated measure ANOVA test showed that there was a significant difference between core stability and hopping exercises groups in balance (p=0.001). The results also showed that balance was significantly different between pre-test and post-test in core stability group (P=0.000) and in the hopping group (P=0.001).
Conclusion: The result of the current study showed that core stability and hopping exercises can be useful training programs for improving balance among girls with ankle instability.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Core stability
  • Hopping exercises
  • Balance
  • Functional ankle instability
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