تاثیر هشت هفته تمرینات اصلاحیِ پیلاتس بر فراشناختِ بدشکلیِ بدن زنان دانشجوی مبتلا به ناهنجاری اسکولیوزیس غیرساختاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه تندرستی و بازتوانی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی و تندرستی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده تهران جنوب، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

3 3. کارشناس ارشد، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده تهران جنوب، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

4 دانشجوی دکتری حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
اسکولیوزیس یکی از ناهنجاری‌های شایع ستون فقرات است و ممکن است علاوه بر ایجاد بدشکلی تنه اختلالات روانی را نیز در پی داشته باشد. هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تاثیر هشت هفته تمرینات اصلاحی پیلاتس بر اختلالِ بدشکلیِ بدن در زنان دانشجوی مبتلا به ناهنجاری اسکولیوزیس غیرساختاری بود.
مواد و روش­ ها
پژوهش حاضر از نوع نیمه­تجربی با طرح پیش و پس­آزمون بود. آزمودنی‌ها را ۱۱ زن دارای ناهنجاری اسکولیوزیس غیرساختاری با یک انحناء جانبی در نواحی سینه‌ای یا سینه‌ای-کمری و زاویه کاب بیش از ۱۰ درجه تشکیل می‌دادند. شرکت­کنندگان در گروه تجربی دارای میانگین سن ۳۷±۳/۲۹ سال، قد ۳۲/۵±۷۲/۱۶۱ سانتی­متر و جرم ۸۱/۳±۶۱/۵۷ کیلوگرم بودند که به طور هدفمند انتخاب شدند. فراشناختِ بدشکلیِ بدن به وسیله پرسش­نامه (BDMQ) و درجه اسکولیوز با استفاده از روش فتوگرامتری در مراحل پیش و پس از مداخله تمرینی مورد اندازه‌گیری قرار گرفت. داده‌های حاصل با استفاده از آمار توصیفی و استنباطی (روش آماری t همبسته) تحلیل شد (05/0>P).
یافته­ ها
نتایج مطالعه حاضر نشان داد که هشت هفته تمریناتِ اصلاحیِ پیلاتس تفاوت معناداری را در نمرات فراشناختِ بدشکلیِ بدن زنان مبتلا به اسکولیوزیس غیرساختاری ایجاد نمی­کند (22/0=P ,56/2-65/9-CI= 95%).
نتیجه­ گیری
با اساس یافته‌های تحقیق حاضر تمریناتِ اصلاحیِ پیلاتس منجر به کاهش فراشناختِ بدشکلیِ بدن در زنان دانشجوی مبتلا به اسکولیوزیس غیرساختاری نمی‌شود که می‌توان آن را به پایین بودن درجه و شدت ناهنجاری اسکولیوزیس در آزمودنی‌های مورد مطالعه نسبت داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Eight-Weeks of Corrective Exercises Pilates on Body Dysmorphic Metacognitive in Females with Non-Structural Scoliosis

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Gheitasi 1
  • Mahnaz Lordgouie 2
  • Zahra Pasandideh 3
  • Maryam Samavi 2
  • Nahid Allafan 4
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Health and Sport Rehabilitation, Faculty of Sport Science & Health, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 MSc, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Tehran South, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran
3 MSc, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Tehran South, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
4 PhD. Student in Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran. Tehran. Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Scoliosis is the most common type of spinal abnormalities, which, in addition to trunk deformity, can lead to mental disorders. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of Pilates corrective exercises of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) in female students with non-structural scoliosis. 
Materials and Methods: A semi-experimental pre-test and post-test design study was carried out on 11 women with non-structural scoliosis with a lateral curvature in thoracic and thoraco-lumbar and average of cobb angle more than 10 degrees. The participants in the experimental group were 29±3/37 years old, 161/72±5/32 cm, and 57/61±3/81 kg, who were selected purposefully. Body Dysmorphic Metacognition was assessed using B.D.M Questionnaire (BDMQ) and degree of scoliosis was evaluated using photogrammetry method before and after the intervention. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential (T-test) statistics (p<0.05).
Results: The results of the present study showed that the eight-weeks of Pilates correction exercises did not result in significant difference in body dysmorphic metacognition scores of women with non-structural scoliosis (p=0.22, 95%CI=-9.65-2.56).
Conclusion: According to the results obtained, Pilates corrective exercises do not significantly decrease body dysmorphic metacognition scores in women's students with non-structural scoliosis. This may be one of the reasons of the low degree of and severity of scoliosis abnormality in participants.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Non-structural Scoliosis
  • Pilates, Body Dysmorphic
  • Metacognition
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