مقایسه نمرات آزمون های عملکردی اندام تحتانی در نوجوانان فعال با کف پای صاف منعطف و طبیعی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
ناهنجاری­ها و عدم توازن عضلانی در اندام تحتانی می­تواند منجر به ضعف در اجرای فعالیت­ های ورزشی و به دنبال آن آسیب­دیدگی شود. هدف از تحقیق حاضر مقایسه نمرات آزمون­های عملکردی اندام تحتانی در نوجوانان فعال با کف پای صاف و طبیعی بود.
مواد و روش ­ها
در مطالعه حاضر تعداد 60 دانش­آموز فعال 16-18 ساله در دو گروه (هر گروه 30 نفر) کف پای صاف و طبیعی شرکت داشتند. میزان افت ناوی آزمودنی­ ها با استفاده از روش توصیف­شده برادی و عملکرد اندام تحتانی با استفاده از آزمون­های عملکردی سکانس کنترل، سکانس لی­لی کردن و سکانس استقامت مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. برای تجزیه و تحقیق یافته­ های تحقیق از روش­های آمار توصیفی (میانگین و انحراف استاندارد) و روش آمار استنباطی (تی مستقل) استفاده شد (05/0P≤).
یافته­ ها
نتایج نشان داد که اختلاف معناداری بین دو گروه کف پای صاف و طبیعی در همه­ ی آزمون­های عملکردی اندام تحتانی وجود دارد (05/0P≤) و گروه کف پای صاف نسبت به گروه سالم نمرات ضعیف­ تری را کسب کردند.
نتیجه­ گیری
با توجه به نتایج مطالعه حاضر، کف پای صاف به عنوان یک ناهنجاری باعث تضعیف در اجرای آزمون­ های عملکردی اندام تحتانی شده که می­تواند منجر به ضعف در اجرای فعالیت­ های ورزشی که نیازمند به تعادل، استقامت و توان عضلانی و به دنبال آن آسیب­ دیدگی­ های ورزشی از جمله التهاب نیام کف پایی، استرس فراکچر درشت­نی، پارگی رباط صلیبی قدامی و کمردرد است، شود؛ بنابراین توصیه می­شود کف پای صاف منعطف به عنوان یکی از عوامل خطر آسیب­ دیدگی ورزشی مد نظر قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Functional Lower Extremity Evaluation Scores in Active Adolescents with Normal and Flexible Flat Foot

نویسندگان [English]

  • Iman Kheyrandish 1
  • Maliheh Hadadnejad 2
  • Sadrodin Shojaedin 3
1 MSc, School of Sport Corrective Exercise, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, School of Sport Biomechanics and Corrective Exercise Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, School of Sport Biomechanics and Corrective Exercise, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Abnormalities and muscular imbalance in lower limb can lead to poor performance in sports activities followed by injuries. The aim of the present study was comparison of the scores of functional lower extremity in active adolescents with normal and flexible flat foot.
Materials and Methods: In the present study, 60 active students (16-18 years-old) with normaland flexible flat foot participated and were divided into two groups (30 each). The participants' navicular drop, using the method described by Brady, and lower limb function, using functional tests including control sequence, hop test sequence, and endurance sequence, were evaluated. To analyze the research findings, descriptive (mean and standard deviation) and inferential (t-tests) statistical methods were applied.
Results: The results indicated significant differences between the two groups with normal and flat foot in all functional tests of lower limb (p≤ /05) and, in comparison with the normal group, the flat foot group obtained lower scores.
Conclusion: Based on the results, flexible flat foot as an abnormality can lead to poor performance in functional tests and sport activities that require balance, muscular endurance, and strength followed by sports injuries including plantar fascia inflammation, tibial stress fracture, anterior cruciate ligament rupture, and backache. So, it is recommended that flexible flat foot be considered as a risk factor in sports injuries.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Lower Limb Function
  • adolescents
  • Flexible Flat Foot
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