ارتباط بین انگیختگی و فعال‌سازی با تعادل پویا در ساعات متفاوت روز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

2 استاد دانشگاه جامع امام حسین (ع)، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکز، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
تعادل پویا عنصر کلیدی در فعالیت‌های روزمره و فعالیت‌های ورزشی است و بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر آن از اهمیت ویژه‌ای برخوردار است. پژوهش حاضر بر ارتباط بین انگیختگی و فعال‌سازی با تعادل پویا در ساعات مختلف روز تمرکز داشت.
مواد و روش­ ها
30 شرکت‌کننده (سن: 64/1±01/21، جنس: مذکر) آزمون تعادل پویا را در ساعات 10:00، 15:00 و 20:00 از روز انجام دادند. سطح هدایت الکتریکی پوست شرکت‌کنندگان به‌طور مداوم در طول انجام تکلیف تعادل ثبت شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از آنوا، ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون تحلیل شد.
یافته­ ها
نتایج نشان داد که فاصله دستیابی تعادل پویا در ساعت 15:00 نسبت به 10:00 و 20:00 بیشتر بود. دیگر نتایج رابطه‌ای خطی بین فعال‌سازی و عملکرد را نشان داد که شدت همبستگی در بعدازظهر بیشتر بود.
نتیجه ­گیری
نتایج تحقیق حاضر شواهد محکمی را در زمینهء جداسازی انگیختگی و فعال‌سازی به‌عنوان جنبه‌های جداگانه‌ای از کارکردهای رفتاری و فیزیولوژیکی فراهم نمود. همچنین، فعال‌سازی را به‌عنوان عاملی که سبب برتری تعادل پویا در بعدازظهر نسبت به صبح و عصر است، معرفی کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between Arousal and Activation with Dynamic Balance in Different Times of the Day

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Hamzeh Sabzi 1
  • Mohammad Vaez Mousavi 2
  • Pouneh Mokhtari 3
1 Assistant Professor, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor of Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Islamic Azad University Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Dynamic balance is a key element in everyday and sports activities and it is important to examine the factors that affect it. The present study focused on the relationship between arousal and activation with dynamic balance at different times of the day.
Materials and Methods: A total of 30 male participants, aged 21.01±1.64 performed dynamic test at 10:00 a.m., 15:00, and 20:00 p.m. on a single day. Skin conductance level of participants was recorded continuously during performing balance task. ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and regression were used to analyze the data.
Results: The results indicated that dynamic balance based on reaching distance was higher at 15:00 p.m. than 20:00 p.m. and 10:00 a.m. It was also found that a linear relationship exists between activation and performance; the intensity of correlation was higher in the afternoon.
Conclusion: These findings support the idea on separation of arousal and activation as separable aspects of the physiological and behavioral functions. In this approach, the activation was introduced for the afternoon as the factor causing superiority of dynamic balance, as compared with morning and evening.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Arousal
  • Activation؛ Skin Conductance Level؛ dynamic Balance؛ Performance
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