بررسی مروری اثربخشی استفاده از تجهیزات پیشرفته در راه رفتن کودکان فلج مغزی

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی کاردرمانی، گروه آموزشی کاردرمانی، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران

2 استاد، گروه آموزشی کاردرمانی، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه آموزشی کاردرمانی، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
فلج مغزی از جمله اختلالات سیستم عصبی مرکزی است که موجب محدودیت در حرکت و پوسچر می­شود. کسب توانایی راه رفتن یکی از اهداف اصلی تیم­های توانبخشی در این کودکان می­باشد. بدین منظور ابزارها و دستگاه­های پیشرفته­ای در سراسر دنیا جهت آموزش و اصلاح راه رفتن کودکان فلج مغزی طراحی و ساخته شده است؛ لذا هدف مطالعه حاضر بررسی مروری اثربخشی این تجهیزات در راه رفتن کودکان فلج مغزی می­باشد.
مواد و روش­ ها
مطالعه حاضر یک مطالعه مروری توصیفی می­باشد که اثربخشی استفاده از تجهیرات پیشرفته را در راه رفتن کودکان فلج مغزی مورد بررسی قرار می­دهد. در این مطالعه از بانک­های اطلاعاتی داخلی و خارجی بین سال­های 2005 تا ماه جولای 2016 برای جمع­آوری اطلاعات استفاده شده است که از 216 مقاله به­دست­آمده 32 مقاله کامل مرتبط با موضوع، مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته است.
یافته­ ها
طبق مطالعات بررسی­شده استفاده از تجهیزات پیشرفته که غالبا به عنوان آموزش­دهنده راه رفتن بوده، تاثیر زیادی در آموزش و اصلاح راه رفتن داشته است. بررسی مطالعات نشان می­دهد این­گونه مداخلات که در برخی موارد همراه با توانبخشی واقعیت مجازی بوده، در بهبود مولفه­های راه رفتن از جمله طول گام، سرعت، مدت زمان و قدرت عضلات موثر می­باشد.
نتیجه­ گیری
به نظر می­رسد استفاده از تجهیزات پیشرفته همراه با سایر مداخلات توانبخشی می­تواند در تسریع کسب مهارت راه رفتن و اصلاح آن در کودکان فلج مغزی موثر بوده و به عنوان روشی کارآمد در توانبخشی مطرح گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Review of the Effectiveness of Advanced Equipments in Cerebral Palsy Children during Gait

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mansour Noori 1
  • Seyed Ali Hosseini 2
  • Nazila Akbarfahimi 3
1 PhD Candidate of Occupational therapy, Occupational Therapy Department, USWR, Tehran, Iran
2 PhD of Occupational Therapy, Professor, Occupational Therapy Department, USWR, Tehran, Iran
3 PhD of Occupational Therapy, Professor Assistant, Occupational Therapy Department, USWR, Evin, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Cerebral palsy is one of the central nervous system disorders that limits movement and posture. Obtaining gaiting ability is one of the main targets in these children targeted by rehabilitation teams. Many advanced tools and equipment have been designed in order to train and rectify cerebral children's gait all over the world. The aim of the present study was to review the   effectiveness of these equipment in cerebral palsy children's gait.
Materials and Methods: The current study was carried out to review and evaluate effectiveness of advanced equipment. Various databases were searched for articles published between 2005 and July 2016 which resulted in obtaining 216 studies among which 32 articles were in line with the topic of the present study.
Results: Based on the studies reviewed, advanced equipment that are mostly used as gait trainer are  effective in training and rectifying gait. These studies show that this type of intervention that is sometimes accompanied by virtual reality rehabilitation, can be effective in improving gait parameters such as step length, speed, duration, and the muscles strength.
Conclusion: According to the results, It seems that using advanced equipment along with other rehabilitative interventions can accelerate obtaining and rectifying gaiting ability in cerebral palsy children and it can be proposed as an efficient method in rehabilitations.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cerebral palsy
  • gait
  • technology
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