مقایسه حرکات عملکردی در دانشجویان دختر مبتلا به اسکولیوز خفیف و متوسط

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری تخصصی، گروه طب ورزش و بهداشت، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 استاد، گروه طب ورزشی و بهداشت، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه طب ورزشی و بهداشت، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران * استادیار، گروه توانبخشی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

4 دانشیار، گروه آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
اسکولیوز یکی از ناهنجاری­های پیچیده و متداول ستون فقرات است که سیستم حرکتی انسان را تحت تاثیر قرار می­دهد. هدف از پژوهش حاضر توصیف و مقایسه حرکات عملکردی در دانشجویان دختر مبتلا به اسکولیوز خفیف و متوسط بود.
مواد و روش ­ها
در پژوهش حاضر، 45 دختر مبتلا به اسکولیوز با یک انحنا در ستون فقرات سینه­ای انتخاب شدند. زاویه انحنا و حرکات عملکردی به ترتیب با فتوگرافی و آزمون غربالگری حرکات عملکری ارزیابی شدند، سپس آزمودنی­ها بر اساس شدت انحنا به دو گروه تقسیم شدند؛ اسکولیوز خفیف: 22 دختر با انحنای 24/3±05/16 درجه و اسکولیوز متوسط: 23 دختر با انحنای 79/5±91/28 درجه. داده­ها از طریق نرم‌افزار SPSS نسخۀ 20 و با آزمون­های یومن-وینتی و کای­دو در سطع معناداری 05/0P≤ تجزیه و تحلیل شد.
یافته ­ها
امتیاز آزمون غربالگری حرکات عملکری در گروه خفیف 24/2±14 و در گروه متوسط 2±26/13 بود. نتایج آزمون یومن-وینتی نشان داد این امتیازات بین دو گروه تفاوت معناداری ندارد (184/0=, P142=U). نتایج آزمون کای­دو نیز نشان داد نحوه توزیع امتیازات صفر تا سه بین دو گروه برای هیچ یک از حرکات تفاوت معناداری ندارد (05/0<P).
نتیجه­ گیری
بر اساس نتایج، امتیاز FMS در گروه مبتلا به اسکولیوز متوسط کمتر از اسکولیوز خفیف بود، اما این تفاوت از نظر آماری معنادار نبود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Functional Movements in Female Students with Mild and Moderate Scoliosis

نویسندگان [English]

  • nahid Allafan 1
  • Reza Rajabi 2
  • Shahrbanian Shahnaz 3
  • Hooman minoonejad 4
1 PhD, Department of Sport Medicine and Health, Faculty of Physical Education &amp;amp; Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2 Professor, Department of Sport Medicine and Health, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant professor, Department of Sport Medicine and Health, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. Assistant professor, Department of Sport Rehabilitation, Faculty of Sport Science,
4 Associate Professor, Department of Sport Medicine and Health, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Scoliosis is a complex and common deformity of the spine that affects the locomotor system. The purpose of the current study was to describe and compare functional movements in female students with mild and moderate scoliosis.
Materials and Methods: In the current study, we selected 45 Scoliotic females with a single curve in the thoracic spine. The degree of curvature and functional movements were assessed by photography and functional movement screen test, then participants were divided into two groups based on severity of curvature: mild scoliosis: 22 females with 16.05±3.24 degree angle of curvature and moderate scoliosis: 23 females with 28.91±5.79 degree of curvature. Data were analyzed using SPSS, version 20, and by running mann-Whitney U and Chi-square tests.
Results: The Functional movement scores were 14.00±2.24 in mild scoliosis and 13.26±2.00 in moderate scoliosis. The mann-Whitney U test results revealed that these scores did not differ significantly between the two groups (U=0.142.00, P= 0.184). Also, chi-square test results revealed that there is no significant difference in the distribution of scores from zero to three between two groups for any of the movements (P>0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results, FMS score in the group with moderate scoliosis was less than that of mild scoliosis but this difference was not statistically significant.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Scoliosis
  • movement
  • Females
  • Students
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